The first opportunity came in 1793, when Bonaparte was promoted to brigadier general for the decisive part he played in the siege of Toulon, which ousted the British from mainland France. After the coup de Thermidor in 1794, Napoleon fell out of favor and was imprisoned. After his release he ended up preserving the new government from the Parisian Mob with artillery fire, an event that has become known as the 'Whiff of Grapeshot.' A grateful government later appointed Napoleon to command of the Army of Italy. Before his departure, Napoleon married Josephine de Beauharnais on 9 March 1796.
In 1797, Austria surrendered to France when Napoleon was just 80 miles from the capitol. When the fight was taken to Egypt, he again won the battle of the pyramids, but lost his fleet of ships in his next fight over the battle of the Nile. He returned home to France to see that the French government was really messed up. "In 1799 he abolished the Directorate and set up a consulate." He was not happy and wanted more power, so he went after the rest of Europe, but had settled with many treaties.
In 1793 Napoleon got to command French troops and they chased out the British from Toulon. Two years later he broke up a Paris mob by ordering his platoon to fire a somewhat lethal pellet at the rioters. These actions did not go unnoticed by the Directory. Also Napoleon’s wife had influential friends among the directors which helped him get general status when he was 27. Later on Napoleon gained command of the French army for an invasion of Italy.
Nay meet Napoleon at Grenoble with Nay’s Men of the Fifth. Even though the men of the Fifth were there to take Napoleon back to King Louis XVIII, they fell at Napoleon’s feet and welcomed back their Emperor. Marshal Nay wanted to surrender by throwing his sword down but, Napoleon told him that he would need all his good generals around him as they marched toward Brussels. After hearing of his soldiers going back to Napoleon, Louis XVIII got out of France fast, which wasn’t easy seeing as he was so big. On their march to Brussels, Napoleon, Nay, and Grouchy fought Blucher, who was from Prussa, at the battle of Ligny.
The nations that were once under Napoleon's rule had bowed out of the French Empire, and began revolting against Napoleon and his men. The Allied Countries turned on the French Empire, and acquired Napoleon's unconditional surrender. Napoleon's surrender prompted the signing of the Treaty of Fontainebleau, which included his exile to Elba, a small island in the Mediterranean Sea. Napoleon spent a short amount of time in Elba before he was named the "Emperor" of the island. He created a small military and attempted to improve the economy of the land, but did not spend much time on the island.
When civil war started in 1793 in Corsica, the Bonaparte ... ... middle of paper ... ...rendered to enemy forces without a fight. Napoleon faced massive betrayal and impossible military odds, so he gave up his title of Emperor of France, and he was exiled to the Island of Elba. Napoleon, bored and aware of the continuing discontent in France, made an amazing return to power in 1815. He Traveled to France in secret, and attracted vast support and reclaimed his throne. He also reorganized the army and government.
Napoleon’s problems were not just condensed in one area; they were spread out over the world... ... middle of paper ... ...leon deserted what was left of his army and rushed back to Paris when he heard of this. People who had once supported Napoleon’s rule, had gathered to get rid of it. Prussia cut its allegiance with Napoleon and signed a treaty with the tsar; Britain, Sweden, and Austria joined them, they were doing what was best for their country. Then on August 10, 1813 war was declared by Austria to make sure Austria was on the winning side to protect itself. The fall of Napoleon’s empire was caused by nationalism and his own greedy intentions.
Hearing of the chaos, Napoleon abandoned his army and with great fanfare, returned to Paris a hero. On November 9, 1799 (the month of "Brumaire" in the French Revolutionary calendar) Napoleon Bonaparte and Abbe Sieyes pulled off a coup in France. They overthrew the current Directory and replaced it with a new government: the Consulate. Sieyes and Napoleon both installed themselves as consuls,... ... middle of paper ... ...ce. In 1804, Napoleon did away with niceties and proclaimed himself what he had already been in reality for some time: the French Emperor.
In 1806, Napoleon created the Continental System, which was against Britain and blocked ports used for British trade. After this Napoleon went back and established an aristocracy, which was outlawed by the French revolution. Napoleon started giving out lands to rule to his family members. In 1809, after not having children with his wife Josephine, he annulled their marriage and married Marie Louise, who was the daughter of the emperor of Austria, in 1810. She then bore him a son named Napoleon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte, who eventually became known as Napoleon ll.
All he did was have his men shoot all the rebels in the streets. The French government was saved, but they decided to form a new government called the Directory. Napoleon was made commander of the French army in Italy, and he could not be stopped. Soon, instead of taking the defensive position Napoleon started taking the offensive position and thus, he started his conquest of Europe. During one attack he showed his bravery by forcing his way across a burning bridge.