Napoleon raised another army but was decisively defeated at the great Battle of Nations. Napoleon fought a last brilliant campaign in France to defend Paris, but in April 1814 abdicated and went into exile on the island of Elba. The Bourbon king was restored to the French throne. While the Allies debated a realignment of the map of Europe in Vienna, Napoleon planned his return, and in March 1815, he landed in France and regained his throne in a bloodless coup. Rather than await another invasion, Napoleon surprised Allied forces in Belgium.
When the directory, the government Barras was part of, came into power, they rewarded Napoleon by appointing him the commander of the army of the interior in 1796. He also married Josephine de Beauharrais in the same year. Later in 1796, Napoleon launched a campaign to push the Austrian and Sardinian armies out of Northern Italy. Napoleon qui... ... middle of paper ... ... fled to Paris, refusing to give up any territory, fearing that doing so would result in an overthrow. In 1814, the coalition invaded France.
With the help of troops that were loyal to him, he and two directors overthrew the government in 1799. Napoleon and other supporters drew another constitution and under the new government Napoleon was named First Consul. In the early 1800s, Fr... ... middle of paper ... ...s rallied to his side. For about 100 days, he worked to rebuild the French army. But the European allies acted swiftly.
He graduated early from the military academy, and returned home to Corsica as second lieutenant of artillery in 1786. In 1789, the French Revolution began a Bonaparte was at his home in Corsica for a large part of it. He then joined the revolution and after his victory at the battle of Toulon, which he won against the British, he was then promoted to general at the age of twenty four. He was then imprisoned for ten days after being suspected of treason. In 1796, Napoleon got married to Josephine de Beauharnais, who was a widow.
The commander in chief wrote: “I have no words to describe the merit of Bonaparte. Much science, as much intelligence, and too much bravery.” In August of 1794 Napoleon was arrested because he had been a supporter of Robespierre, a radica... ... middle of paper ... ...aty of Pressburg Napoleon made himself king of Italy, his brother Joseph, king of Naples, and another brother Louis king of Holland. In October of 1806 Napoleon went to war again. He defeated the Prussians in the battle of Jena, and captured Berlin. The Prussian king fled to Russia and Napoleon advanced through Poland.
Hearing of the chaos, Napoleon abandoned his army and with great fanfare, returned to Paris a hero. On November 9, 1799 (the month of "Brumaire" in the French Revolutionary calendar) Napoleon Bonaparte and Abbe Sieyes pulled off a coup in France. They overthrew the current Directory and replaced it with a new government: the Consulate. Sieyes and Napoleon both installed themselves as consuls,... ... middle of paper ... ...ce. In 1804, Napoleon did away with niceties and proclaimed himself what he had already been in reality for some time: the French Emperor.
Napoleon Bonaparte, who was also known as the “Little Corsican” (and later known as Emperor of France, and the prime mover of the Napolionic Wars), was born on August 15, in 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica. From 1784 to 1785, Napoleon attended the Ecole Militire in Paris, where he received his military training. After the French Monarchy was overthrown on August 10, 1792, Napoleon decided to make his move up in the ranks. In 1793, Napoleon was chosen to direct the artillery against the siege in Toulon. He seized ground where he could get his guns in range of British ships.
Napoleon escapes from prison on Elba Island, dramatic recovery, 100days. Raised new army and moved against allied forces in Belgium in 1815. Final defeat at Waterloo in 1815 against a coalition of Europeans. Significance; Civil code finally destroyed feudalism in Europe. Bourgeoisie in ascendancy.
French cities revolted against his government. December 1793: Napoleon successfully defeats the British ships at Toulon. At the age of 24, he became army general in charge of the Army of Italy. July 29, 1794: Robespierre is executed on the July of 1794 during the Thermidorian Reaction. In August, Napoleon is imprisoned for about a week.
When civil war started in 1793 in Corsica, the Bonaparte ... ... middle of paper ... ...rendered to enemy forces without a fight. Napoleon faced massive betrayal and impossible military odds, so he gave up his title of Emperor of France, and he was exiled to the Island of Elba. Napoleon, bored and aware of the continuing discontent in France, made an amazing return to power in 1815. He Traveled to France in secret, and attracted vast support and reclaimed his throne. He also reorganized the army and government.