The first and main reason for the French Revolution was the terrible leadership of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette. The peasants wanted to overthrow them as they made France bankrupt by overspending. He spent a little less that 228 million livres in the span of 15 years. King Louis had sent huge amounts of money, military equipment and soldiers to America during the American Revolution because he wanted to help them beat Britain. He also spent a lot of money to build his palace, the Versailles.
There is no doubt that Napoleon had a major impact on the post French revolution period. First I will describe negative impact he had on France and western Europe then I will discuss the positive impact Napoleon had on France and western Europe. Napoleon became the first consul in 1799 and helped overthrow the government he once helped build. Napoleon set out to secure his position of power by eliminating all of his enemies and weakening all others. He also guaranteed the security of all other property gained in the revolution, this move made royalist very upset because the idea of returning the property to it’s original owners.
Maximilien Robespierre did not do more to further France as a nation that Napoleon Bonaparte. Robespierre only got the ball rolling. He only took down the governments and caused the deaths of countless numbers of people as a way to control them. He was then caught fleeing and tried to commit suicide and failed. Shortly afterwards he was beheaded.
In the gist of it all napoleon was a great army leader but he was not a great leader for his people. He messed up the whole revolution. He crowned himself an emperor after they overthrew their monarch. It was bad for the people but they had no choice because of the fact that he just crowned himself the emperor. If the people had any choice, which they realized later they did they should have not led him lead.
The Siege of Toulon was where Napoleon gained his initial power within the French army. After that battle, he began to have more and more power and influence among the officers in the French army. In 1799 Napoleon led a coup that had the sole purpose of overthrowing the government. The same government that Napoleon had fought to establish during the Revolution of 1789. He was granted the power of a dictator, but he ruled as a monarch more than a dictator.
Because of the war the king was fighting, the government were bankrupt.With food prices on the rise and the king with his hand out the people needed resolution. Robespierre enlighten the French people with his idea of a new Republic. On January 20,1793, the French government, led by the radical Jacobins, ordered that Louis the XVI be executed for treason The Jacobin leader executed the king..and a new revolution was born. Robespierre was on the rise. Robespierre promised the people Revolutionary, but instead gave them the Reign of Terror.
King Louis would then be deposed and executed and this was a major swing towards the revolution and caused chang... ... middle of paper ... ...e treatment of them would also stop in South america . Overall these revolutions and wars shaped some of the greatest nations in the world America and France. I would start with France deciding that they wouldn’t take any more inequality in there country with the rich and the poor people and an enlightener would come along and state that every person should be born with equal rights. So they would terminate all the kings and nobles and become the first republic. The Americans would see what the French did and they would drop the English as their monarch through war which would include many countries.
During this period, these enlightenment thinkers caused the working class to reform oppressive governments because they had the right to go against the government. The people had a democracy, which was unheard of in France (the will of the people, a popular idea called the sovereignty of the people, and the equality of the people). These thinkers revolutionized this period. The middle and working classes became mad at the government and determined to revolt against the king and nobility (upper classes). The nobility had special rights and privileges such as hunting and fishing without a permit.
Napoleon devised a series of wars to overthrow European governments. When the French overthrew a government, they quickly established a new one; the locals were treated fairly, and the objective was to have one unified government in Europe. Gradually, nations began to withdraw from Napoleon's unified Europe. Napoleon was forced to retreat from his empire back into France. The nations that were once under Napoleon's rule had bowed out of the French Empire, and began revolting against Napoleon and his men.
He, as a member of the Committee of Public Safety, saw thousands of “traitors” slaughtered for speaking out against the radical turn the revolution had taken. It was Robespierre’s death in 1794 that eventually ended the bloody revolution, though it left France in a bloody mess, leaving the way open for Napoleon to take control.