The Soviet Union had begun the space race in 1957 with the launch of Sputnik I, an artificial satellite. After its launch, the U.S. Defense Department approved funding for a space satellite of their own. Buzz Aldrin stated in an interview with Engineering & Technology writers Nick Smith and Angela Schuster that America’s space race response was because they did not want to fall under the superiority of Russia. From there the United States and Soviet Union fought back and forth on who would reach the moon first. After Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, orbited the Earth once President Kennedy made his speech announcing his goal for the United States.
<http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/livingthings/25feb_greenhouses.html>. The Vision for Space Exploration. February 2004. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Headquarters, Washington D.C. 26 October 2004. <http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/55583main_vision_space_exploration2.pdf>.
Continuing from there, each nation step... ... middle of paper ... ...tronauts, which were carried to the surface of the moon with them. One flag was dedicated to the House of Representatives and the other to the Senate. (en.wikipedia.org) Before the splashdown of Apollo 11, Aldrin said, "We feel this stands as a symbol of the insatiable curiosity of all mankind to explore the unknown." (space.about.com) The mission was accomplished and Kennedy’s dream was fulfilled. America was the first to send men to the moon and return them safely to the earth.
They share their stories, feelings, toughs and joy for stepping on the moon and travel through space. The film also portrays the beautiful scenes of the earth and the moon taken from space. The film teaches us that NASA’s missions started to satisfied President John F. Kennedy ambitious goal of sending an American safely to the Moon. The first Apollo mission took place in 1968 it was called “Apollo 8.”
Then on March 3, the US sent up Pioneer 4 in hopes of reaching the moon, but it fell into solar orbit. Then on September 12, USSR launched Luna 2 which landed on the moon and as the first man-made object to do so. On October 4, USSR sent Luna 3 into space and photographed 70% of the Moon’s surface. On April 1, 1960, the US launch Tiros 1, which is the first successful weather satellite. On August 18, the US launched its first camera equipped spy satellite, Discoverer XIV.
Apollo 11 was the first spacecraft to ever land on the moon. Training had to be done, after astronauts were chosen. Getting them into space was tricky as well. The smaller mission of Apollo 11 was to successfully land on the moon and come home safely. The success of landing Apollo 11 on the moon and bringing it back safely, led to further investigation of the moon.
First man observed the moon through space stations, and then soon afterwards landed. Then it was Mars, but man is yet to land on the surface. NASA is known as one of the fathers of space. The organization has developed shuttles, space stations and many other apparatuses. NASA continues to provide research data and plans of upcoming missions.
In July of the same year, the National Aeronautics and Space Act was passed and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration was born. NASA had absorbed the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, gaining the responsibility of researching and improving flight technology for in the Earth’s atmosphere as well as outside. The exciting day came on October 1, 1958, when NASA officially opened its doors. Since then, NASA has continually pushed the boundaries of space and technology by sending men to the moon and machines to the far reaches of space. NASA has many centers and laboratories located around the country.
Retrieved March 29, 2012, from http://history.nasa.gov/Apollomon/Apollo.html The US Space Program Benefits. (n.d.). Problem Solving Techniques . Retrieved March 27, 2012, from http://www.problem-solving-techniques.com/US-Space-Program.html Waymer, J. (2011, July 31).
The first fifty years in space saw its start when Russia launched Sputnik, the first man made satellite in 1957. This ignited the “Space Race” and spawned a generation of enthusiasm in space travel and the scientific studies that was mainly fueled by the West versus East mentality. It seemed like every kid wanted to be Neil Armstrong during that era and that kept the following generation interested in manned space flight. But, how relevant is manned space flight going to be in the next fifty years with all these world and national issues happening around us that need to be given serious attention and funding? Is there a future in space or should the United States direct their efforts elsewhere?