Almost 500,000 Americans of all races are members of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the largest civil rights organization in the world and probably the largest secular citizens action agency in the nation. Founded in 1909, the NAACP is the oldest civil rights organization as well as the most powerful and the most respected today. The NAACP is the national spokesperson for black Americans and other minorities, and for those who support civil rights objectives in America. Organized in virtually every city and town where black Americans reside, the NAACP both articulates the grievances of black Americans and protects their rights by whatever legal means necessary (Join the NAACP). Many manners are used by the NAACP to accomplish their policy goals. Three such manners are grassroots activism, lobbying, and educating.
The Civil Rights Movement is comprised of efforts of activists and national leaders to stand for African Americans and the basic rights guaranteed to American citizens in the Constitution, including the rights to like process and "equal protection of the laws" and the right to vote. The 1950s and 1960s represent the height of the Civil Rights Movement of the twentieth century. Activists had found basic rights for African Americans since even before the Civil War. In 1865 and 1870, Congress passed some of the amendments to abolish slavery, to accord citizenship to African Americans, and to extend voting rights to black men. By the end of Reconstruction in 1877 furthered white opposition to black equality. The domination of blacks displayed itself most easily in southern states in what was known as Jim Crow customs and legislation passed between the 1890s and 1920s to racially segregate public places, like trains, cemeteries, schools, theaters, restaurants, beaches, and hospitals.
Race riots in America is a story told so little, but a story that is key to the hard work and road laid for African Americans. In the 20th century in times where we knew African Americans fought persistently for Civil Rights, seldom is their the story about the early 20th century. In the beginnings of the 20th century Riots broke out across all of the United States, over eight issues which included the following: Prejudice, Economic Competition, Political Corruption and Exploitation of Negro Voters, Police Inefficiency, Newspaper Lies about Negro Crime, Unpunished Crimes Against Negroes, Housing, Reaction of Whites and Negroes from War. Over the course of a span of fifty years more than eight riots broke out, including Wilmington race riot; the only successful coup d’état in United states history. Within this topic I will research organizations that were founded during this time in result of riots and that impacted the advancement of African Americans.
The way Americans lived 80 years ago has a significant impact on our society today. Major work from small-town residents during the 1930s, make it possible for Americans to live as comfortably as they do currently. Civil rights were improved and the fields of technology, science, and medicine soared. Ambitious geniuses were improving such topics, but little did they realize that they were actually shaping future American culture.The important achievements and discoveries made during the 1930s made life easier for Americans today.
The African American civil rights movement was a long journey for African American nationwide. The success involved many people, hardships and time in order to advance the African American community in America. The purpose of the movement was to achieve their rights, cease discrimination, and racial segregation.
Nabrit, James M. Jr. “The Relative Progress and the Negro in the United States: Critical Summary and Evaluation.” Journal of Negro History 32.4 (1963): 507-516. JSTOR. U of Illinois Lib., Urbana. 11 Apr. 2004
In Erik Gellman’s book Death Blow to Jim Crow: The National Negro Congress and the Rise of Militant Civil Rights, he sets out with the argument that the National Negro Congress co-aligned with others organizations in order to not only start a militant black-led movement for equal rights, but also eventually as the author states they “launch the first successful industrial labor movement in the US and remake urban politics and culture in America”. The author drew attention to the wide collection of intellectuals from the black community, labor organizers, civil rights activists, and members of the communist party, to separate them from similar organization that might have been active at the time. These activists, he argues “remade the American labor movement into one that wielded powerful demands against industrialists, white supremacists, and the state as never before, positioning civil rights as an urgent necessity.” In Gellman’s study of the National Negro Congress, he is able to discuss how they were able to start a number of grassroots protest movements to disable Jim Crow, while unsuccessful in dealing a “death blow to Jim Crow”, they were able to affect the American labor movement.
Throughout the course of Black history, African Americans Have fought for the right to be viewed as human and not merely the dispatched property of pre-emancipation whites in the southern states of the U.S. This struggle had been a constant battle since the liberation of blacks by the 14th amendment however, most noted during the “Civil Rights era”. Carol Anderson’s Eyes off the Prize: The United Nations and the Struggle for African American Human Rights, 1944-1955 explores this era in American History in depth and explains this struggle in the midst of Cold War politics. Anderson focuses her texts on the role of Black organizations such as the NAACP and their role in U.S. international and foreign policies.
- in June of 1961, the NAACP chapter of Monroe, North Carolina decided to picket the town’s swimming pool that was forbidden to Negroes although they formed one quarter of the population
African American community. (FDA pg.333) In order to fight for equal rights, several groups of people like for example the Black Panthers and Richard Nixon attempted to revolt by violently demonstrating the power that the African American population had and how they could impact their community in spite of their skin tone and racial ethnicity.