In order to grow stem cells, specialists eliminate them from the blastocyst (An embryo that has developed for five to six days after fertilization), grow them in a nutrient- rich solution) in a petri dish in... ... middle of paper ... ...tial of adult stem cells, which have already been used to successfully cure many diseases. They also argue that not enough consideration has been given to the potential of umbilical cord blood for stem cell research. It also shows that no cures have been produced by embryonic stem cell therapy, at this moment of phase. In my opinion there are many disadvantages to this submission. Nevertheless, if scientists are willing to take on this challenge of using stem cells to cure disease; before scientists could apply this will be many issues to consider, such as the ethical edges and the viewpoints.
Therapeutically, the notion of cloning is medically significant because cloned individuals at the embryonic stage "share the same immune characteristics as each other" (Harris 26). The possibility of cloning an individual at the embryo stage allows one clone to be used as a cell tissue and organ bank for the other. Embryonic cloning has a history of significant developments and discoveries that have occurred only in the past ten or twenty years. In the nineteen eighties and early nineteen nineties, sophisticated foetal and embryological research was banned by the United States’ Reagan and Bush administrations due to pressure from pro-life factions of the Republican party. However, these regulations against research into the controversial field were relaxed considerably with the inception of the more pro-choice Clinton administration.
In a day where vaccination is readily available to almost all infants, it would seem nearly impossible to have an outbreak of what health professionals thought was an eradicated disease. However, recently there have been 23 outbreaks throughout the United States, and of this 23, 650 separate cases of measles were diagnosed. The problem our country faces at the moment is parent who choose not to vaccinate their children. Not only is this dangerous to them, but also to the thousands of other children who are either too young or sick to be vaccinated. Rachael Rettner, a writer for Fox News’s Health Column, said “More measles outbreaks are sure to occur in the United States because of people refusing vaccinations” (Rettner).
Well most people don’t have a degree to be a doctor, so we shouldn’t use the internet without a doctor who can verify that this information is true. If parents are using the internet to decide that their child shouldn’t get any vaccinations then they should consult a doctor to show them that they are only hurting their child because there is no scientific evidence that vaccines are harmful. They go through a long process before being released to the public. About 2.5 percent of kindergarteners weren’t fully vaccinated this is the highest decline since the 1970s (vaccine your kids, para graph 8). With a decline in vaccinations we could see decade old diseases show up because children aren’t vaccinated.
Some feel that embryonic stem cell research encouraged abortion, and that by banning the federal funding for embryonic stem cell research it would lessen the rates of abortion. However, just recently President Barack Obama has reversed that law and thereby allowing federal funding for embryonic stem cell research. According to the CDC, Center of Disease Control, one in five-hundred people will become diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease; every seventy seconds someone will develop Alzheimer’s, one in five people will die from some form of cardiovascular problems, and will become diagnosed with diabetes. Now what do all of these health problems have in common? They all have the potential to be treated with some form of stem cell therapy, but they also have the potential to be worsened by the effects of stem cell therapy.
Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Many scientists believe that research on human embryonic stem cells, components of human embryos created in laboratories, will eventually yield cures to a number of devastating human conditions including juvenile diabetes, Parkinson’s disease and spinal cord injuries. On August 9, 2001, President George W. Bush announced he would permit federally funded research on existing stem cells lines derived from human embryos. He prohibited the federal funding of research on any cell lines created after that date. (See http://abcnews.go.com/sections/politics/DailyNews/stemcells_Bush_transcript010809.html.) According to Bush, his decision was based on the answers to two questions: "First, are these frozen embryos human life, and therefore, something precious to be protected?
Embryonic stem cells are pluripotent cells gathered from the inner cell mass of a blastocyst, which is an early-stage embryo that contains about 50-150 cells. However, the extraction of these cells causes the blastocyst to be destroyed, which is what raises many flags to people. The controversy of stem cell research began as early as 1996 when congress passed the Dickey-Wicker amendment that stated that federal funding was not to be used in the creation and destruction of human embryos. When this was passed, the NIH (National Institutes of Heath) wrote its guidelines based on the newly made law. Basically, it stated that only privately funded money could be used towards the research and the embryos had to have come from fertility clinics and the donor needed to consent to donating the embryo for research purposes.
Much of this side of the argument is based on the idea that human eggs are fertilized with sperm to create an embryo, and then destroyed to harvest the stem cells within the blastocyst. Many religious and pro-life groups – including, the Catholic Church, Christian Medical Association, Family Bioethics Counsel, etc. – believe that life begins at conception, and feel that this involves the destruction of human life. They consider it equal to abortion, which they also oppose. A few years after this controversy emerged, in 2006, two bills were passed th... ... middle of paper ... ...ther group acknowledges the morality of purposefully fertilizing eggs in order to study and destroy them.
When the mother of a baby under 10 days old aborts the child, the fetus is taken and the embryos that hold the stem cells are harvested for use in research. Polls show that about 85 percent of America does not support embryonic stem cell research because it damages or destroys human embryos.Embryonic stem cell research because it has the potential to cure almost any disease and save billions of lives. The positive outweighs the negative and immorality of destroying the cells for research. So, what exactly are stem cells? Stem cells are blank copies of any cell or tissue in the body.
But they stress that such an experiment would be grossly irresponsible, due to the high risk of premature death and severe birth defects in clones. Attempting to clone humans is "irresponsible and repugnant and ignores the overwhelming scientific evidence from seven mammalian species cloned so far," Rudolf Jaenisch, a cloning expert at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology told New Scientist earlier in 2002. Many countries worldwide have passed legislation to ban the creation of cloned babies. But on 5 November, international debate on a global ban was put on hold for at least a year, followi Cloned stem cells may give new lease of life Cloned stem cells may be "younger", "fitter" and much better at