This in turn made them a polytheistic culture. The Egyptians reliance on the land was so important, that it was not uncommon to see important land marks and other important aspects of their culture, show up in their creation story and other myths. They had over one hundred gods and goddess they worshipped. But like many cultures, the culture changed with time from a polytheistic a culture. The Egyptians beliefs in the gods and goddess they worshipped came from their reliance on the land; that in their creation stories and many of the god and goddess creation stories have references to important land marks in Egypt.
Osiris, the god of the dead and the afterlife, and the goddess Ma’at were widely illustrated in tombs. ... ... middle of paper ... ...n since the king would dwell with the sun god, Re, in the afterlife. In early predynastic burials, many servants and attendants were sacrificed and enclosed in the king’s tomb. This action was regarded as a high honour in which they were able to serve the king in the afterlife. Even after his death, the king remained well respected and worshipped by many individuals in Egypt.
Akhenaton’s short-lived reform of Egyptian religion reveres Aton as the source of all life. This is the earliest religious expression of a belief in a sole god of the universe. Akhenaton’s challenge to the power of the priests did not last beyond his own lifetime. As Greek governing power was within aristocracy, their gods were also viewed as somewhat of an aristocracy. I say this to elucidate that there is a unique relationship between a leader or ruler and his society’s god – in perception by the people, and by interaction.
We also see stelas used as a way of commemorating conquests. For my paper I will be looking specifically at the use of stelas for funerary purposes and how they changed throughout the dynasties. In Egyptian religion, death was not seen as the final stage. Egyptians only referred to death as the rest period before revival. We gain a glimpse into what was believed to be the after life through inscriptions such as the Book of the Dead.
This is why their mythology is centered on nature such as the earth, sky, moon, sun, stars, and the Nile River. There are many Egyptian myths of creation, but the Heliopolitan Tradition, Hermopolitan Ogdoad, and the Memphite Theology are the most commonly used. They all have some common elements and gods. For example, many of t... ... middle of paper ... ... was allowed to pass through the gates of Yaru and into the after-life, but if the heart weighed more than the feather, the heart was consumed by the devourer to be gone forever. In conclusion, Ancient Egypt has a very complex religion and beliefs that would be considered bizarre in many parts of the world.
Spirits of the dead were also able to guide the living. There were numerous gods, but the most prevalent and lasting gods were Ra, Ma’at, Isis, Horus, Osiris, Bast, and Bes (Gods and Mythology). The Egyptians believed that Ra, the Sun God, was the creator of the world, and the sun was viewed as the symbol of creation. Ra became greatly associated with the pharaoh during the late 2nd Dynasty and the 5th Dynasty. The pharaoh ruled the mortal realm, while Ra ruled the greater universe, which made them “a mirror image of each other.” Ma’at was Ra’s closest ally; she was the “personification of the fundamental order of the universe.” Order and justice was revered and even the gods were known to worship Ma’at.
Since they believed that after they died, they had an afterlife, Pharaohs had wonderful, hidden burial tombs or pyramids constructed, so they could continue a life after death. Many treasures and material goods were buried in with them for use in the afterlife they believed in. There were many different pharaohs who ruled in ancient Egyptian at this time and some became more famous than others. Khufu had the Great Pyramid of Giza constructed, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World! Kahafra, son of Khufu, had the second pyramid at Giza built as well as the Great Sphinx.
The ancient period had been of a great interest to today’s scientists, mathematicians, and even archaeologists. What we use or see now: the formulas in sciences and mathematics, some structures such as the pyramids, and even the calendar may be the products of the olden time. To find the birth of these, let us trace back time starting from 3000 BC: First dynasty of Egypt -The first mortal ruler of Egypt was its unifier Menes because Menes had unified the divided Egypt. He, Menes, had made Memphis the capital of Egypt according to the Greek historian Herodotus and Menes made it possible by blocking the Nile River so that they could regain land for the city. Having the first mortal, the Egyptians had started their first dynasty.
This was a time on reflection of the old Kingdom in Egypt (2686-2181 B.C.E) on their political, and social stability. Although it may have been rumored that the slaves were responsible for the construction of the pyramids in Egypt, it was later confirmed that it was an effort from various craftsmen and builders in general. The Egyptians great success of the pyramids proved that were united. In the old kingdom, before the construction of pyramids was the existence of structured tombs to bury highly placed people es... ... middle of paper ... ...eve that mountainous like structures housed the spirits of their ancestors. Mexicans also had similar step like structures, but their’s can be compared to the Sumerian Ziggurats of Mesopotamia.
For instance, the mysterious deities of the Egyptians were immortalized in hieroglyphic drawings, and the Egyptians’ belief in an afterlife led them to construct some of the most recognizable monuments in the world. However, for a brief instant in Egyptian history, a new, monotheistic cult overshadowed the traditional worship practices (Damen sec 1). Akhenaten, a pharaoh who reigned during the time now known as the “Amarna Period,” was the founder of this radical new religion (Damen sec 2). Originally named Amunhotep, a name which pays homage to the god Amun, the pharaoh started his widespread religious reforms by changing his own name to Akhenaten, which means “he is agreeable to the sun-disk” (Damen sec. 2B-C).