Make sure the victim avoids excessive movement and is calm to keep symptoms steady. A healthcare provider helps diagnose a heart attack based on the patient 's medical history, an electrocardiogram to look for abnormalities the heart and blood testing for abnormal enzymes levels in blood. For immediate treatment you will be put on a heart monitor and given oxygen and IV line filled with nitroglycerin and morphine to reduce pain. Abnormal heartbeats are treated electric shocks and most likely medicine. Some patients may also have need to have heart bypass surgery to open blood vessels that supply blood to the heart.
Surgical method include a septal myectomy, surgically implanted devices, and a heart transplant. A septal myectomy is used to specifically treat hypertrophy cardiomyopathy which is where the heart muscle cells enlarge and cause the walls of the ventricles to thicken. The thickening of the walls may not affect the size of the ventricles but instead may affect the blood flow out of the ventricle. Usually along with the ventricles swelling, the septum in between the ventricles can become enlarged and block the blood flow causing a heart attack. When medication is not working well to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a surgeon will open the chest cavity and remove part of the septum that is blocking blood flow.
Many different medications can also be used to treat a heart attack. Some of these medication include blood thinners such as aspirin to allow the blood to squeeze between the blockage in the arteries better. Thrombolytics are also a good medication that will dissolve clots in the blood. Clopidogrel is an antiplatelet drug to prevent a blood clot from ever existing. Nitroglyserin widens the otherwise narrow blood vessels allowing easier access for the blood to
There are multiple tests to be conducted for proper diagnoses. The physician will order blood work to be drawn and evaluated. When a patient has Congestive Heart Failure there will be an elevated level of B-type Natriuretic Peptide which is 32 amino acid showing near the ventricles of the heart due to the heart muscle stretching obsessively. The physician may also order chest x-ray or an echocardiogram. The echocardiogram is an ultrasound of the heart.
Other treatment modalities include surgical procedures that create an artificial blood vessel that bypasses the blocked artery. This type of procedure is known as coronary artery by-pass surgery. The interventions are carried out in order to minimize damage to the heart in case blood supply is occluded for longer periods of time. The other treatments employed are those that minimize pain and to prevent complications from arising. As a preventive measure, reducing the various risk factors can help prevent the occurrence of a myocardial infarction.
The heart is an effective pump only when good blood supply is maintained to all heart muscles. If an artery becomes so clogged that blood cannot flow through it, the result is chest pain which could progress to a heart attack, or myocardial infarction (MI). "Myocardial" is a medical term that means "having to do with the heart" or "heart muscle". "Infarct" is a medical term for tissue death. During a myocardial infarction, the portion of the heart that is supposed to get blood from the diseased artery dies.
One of the surgical procedures is Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery (CABG). During that procedure a patient’s chest is opened, the heart is stopped, arteries are grafted, usually from the persons’ extremities, and the blood flow is rerouted through those arteries, to bypass the blocked areas. Other surgical procedures include Intra Aortic Pump (IABP), left/right assist device (LVAD/RVAD) and in the worst case scenario — heart transplant. Surgical procedures are usually performed as elective surgery. As a result of CAD, as was mentioned earlier, the heart muscle suffers luck of oxygen, and depending on the severity of the disease, the myocardium cells become ischemic, injured or die.
There are multiple imaging tests that can be used to diagnose CHF such as CT scan, MRI, x-ray, and a coronary angiogram. In rare cases, a biopsy of the heart can also be performed. ("Heart failure", 2017) In an x-ray of a chest, congestive heart failure can be seen in different stages. In stage 1, the upper lobe vessels appear larger in width. In stage 2, kerley-b lines can be seen near the costophrenic angles.
Once the buildup causes an obstruction in the artery where the blood cant flow normally, the patient has a myocardial infarction, commonly referred to as a heart attack. The best proven way to prevent the onset of heart disease is through behavioral measures. The risk of developing heart disease can be prevented in many ways. People have to form habits in their lifestyle which conform to preventing it. The goals of these preventive behaviors are to lower blood pressure , control the level of low density lipoproteins (LDLs) and cholesterol in the blood , reduce the percentage of fat in body tissue and in the blood, have a strong and healthy heart, and to increa... ... middle of paper ... ...ty in an elderly population.
The blood test detects the leak of enzymes or other biochemical markers from damaged cells in the heart muscle. In clinical practice, timely treatment is based on the patient history, physical examination, and ECG findings.