Mycobacterium tuberculosis is responsible for two million deaths per year and infects one third of the global population throughout their lifetime (Sharma, 2006). The highest prevalence of tuberculosis infection throughout the world is in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia (Raviglione et al, 1995).
My hypothesis on Tuberculosis is that it is a very deadly disease that causes a persons lungs to fill with blood. This can harm the body by making the body suffocate itself when the lungs fill with blood.
Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that no one ever wants to encounter.
The disease can be caused by different mycobacterium such as Mycobacterium bovis, M. africanum, M. canettii, M. microti, and most commonly, M. tuberculosis; although the five are highly similar and are together termed the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC). Recently, two additional organisms. Mycobacterium pinnipedii and Mycobacterium caprae have also been implicated with the disease in humans. 6, 7 Members of the MTBC are gram-positive, long, rod-shaped bacterium with unique characteristics such as an exceptionally slow growth rate and a high content of lipids in their cell wall which provide protection against degradation and may account for their persistent survival in the environment even after the death of a host. 8
Tuberculosis, a disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, has been around for thousands of years. In fact, one of the earliest cases of tuberculosis, known as TB, or often referred to as the White Plague, because of the pale skin of the Caucasians who wasted away from it, was found in a young man from Germany about 7,000 years ago. Scientists believe tuberculosis was probably an extremely common disease in Ancient Egypt, and throughout the centuries was spread through Europe, Asia, and Africa. European explorers including Columbus, were blamed for bringing TB to the New World, though evidence proves Native Americans suffered from the disease long before then.
Tuberculosis (TB) was once considered a common disease. It was almost eliminated with the help of newly developed antibiotics and drugs around the 1950s, but the disease has reappeared in powerful new ways. Some ways include multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. In today’s time, these dangerous forms of the disease, resistant to some of the commonly used drug treatments because they are new, have created a public health crisis in many large cities worldwide. If you have tuberculosis you must seek medical treatment as soon as you can to avoid consequences.
(n.d.). Retrieved from The Past and Future of Tuberculosis Research www.plospathogens.org/.../info:doi/10.1371%2... PLOS Pathogens.by I Comas - 2009
Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common disease worldwide which caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. With close to 10 million new cases per year, and a pool of two billion latently infected individuals, control efforts are struggling in many parts of the world (The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body (Comas and Gagneux, 2009). It is important for a nurse to understand how tuberculosis develops, how to diagnosis, treatment, and prevent.
Myobaterium tuberculosis is a nonmoving, slow-growing, acid-fast rod transmitted via aerosolization (airborne route).
“Hippocrates identified phthisis (the Greek term for tuberculosis) as the most widespread disease of his time” (Harris, 2013, p. 673). Later, Tuberculosis was known as consumption, due to the weight loss associated with having this disease. “By the 17th century, anatomical and pathological descriptions of tuberculosis began to appear in the medical literature. The contagious nature of the disease was suspected as early as 1546 when Girolamo Tracastoro wrote that bed sheets and clothing of a consumptive could contain contagious particles”(Iseman, 2013, para. 2). However, DNA testing of the Granville mummy, in which the person lived around 600BC showed that the mummified individual died of Tuberculosis (Geddes, 2009). 174 years later, Dr. Benjamin Marten surmised that Tuberculosis could be transmitted via contact with a person with active Tuberculosis (Iseman, 2013). Sadly, it took 162 years until a Robert Koch definitively proved that the bacteria, Myobacterium Tuberculosis, was the cause of Tuberculosis. Due to this new-found insight, a seemingly reactionary measure was taken by health officials of the time, and that measure was the use of sanatoriums. However, the concentration of Tuberculosis patients provided physicians and medical researchers a venue to prove or disprove their treatment hypotheses. These hypotheses included inducing a pneumothorax (which had favorable results), reduction of lung volume, and judicious exposure to fresh air (Iseman, 2013). French bacteriologists Calmette and Guerin combined their efforts into a vaccine that bears their names, the Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine that was once widely used, but has since been decreasing in use due to its questionable efficacy. After World War II, the discovery of antibiotics, specifically streptomycin, resulted in a massive increase in favorable outcomes for patients diagnosed with
Tuberculosis or known as TB remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world, especially in developing countries. A combination of factors including high costs, limited resources and the poor performance of various diagnostic tests make the diagnosis of TB difficult in developing countries. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014), one third of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis. In 2012, nearly nine million people around the world become sick with tuberculosis disease, and there were around one point three million TB related deaths worldwide.
...Department of Health and Human Services of United States proposed a goal to completely abolish tuberculosis from the Earth by 2010. However, several Missouri counties have stated tuberculosis' recent rise and saying it still is a threat as it is airborne and infectious; tuberculosis will persist to be a peril to humanity (Nochlin, 2010). People still need to defeat various obstacles to reach that goal as AIDS and TB are cooperating to kill victims faster as well as intensifying the dangers of certain TB. Different parts of the world are also in danger, including India and Africa and Africa is particularly in great danger. Twenty-five million there are HIV-positive and 200 million are infected with inactive TB (Zimmerman, 2003). Certainly, these statistics forecast an inevitable massacre and the white death may become the greatest health disaster in human history.