Teachers continually learn about ways people learn – the processes of learning and how individuals learn best. They learn about their students and individuals, and learn with as well as from their students when they seek knowledge together. (Principles of effective learning and teaching, 1994). Through continually discovering new and exciting ways to help mould a constructivist classroom, the students will be able to achieve their outcomes with great ease and learn to enjoy education.
Boud describes the characteristics of self assessment as the involvement of students in identifying standards and or making criteria and making judgments about the extent to which they met these criteria and standards. (Boud, 1991pg 12) This encourages learners to be more independent and learn how to learn. Learners who are more involved in assessing themselves and others are more likely to develop the attributes and skills they need to become resilient, self-motivating learners. Students take first steps towards independent and autonomous learning by developing learning strategies based on evaluations. This enables students to assess their own work and that of their peers and provides opportunities to discuss and reflect on their achievements, for example, peer ratings, creative writing, sharing portfolios in pairs or an oral presentation.
Thus, effective formative assessment must help students answer the following questions: 1. Where am I trying to go? Students need clearly articulated, concise learning targets to be able to answer this first question. Learning is easier when learners understand what goal they are trying to achieve, the purpose of achieving the goal, and the specific attributes of success. Teachers should continually help students clarify the intended learning as the lessons unfold—not just at the beginning of a unit of
It is extremely important for educators to choose and evaluate materials to that will encourage student learning. The overall goal when choosing resources is that they support the learning outcomes of the curriculum. Student experiences and learning outcomes are shaped by the resources the teacher chooses to use the their classroom. It is important for educators to evaluate all learning resources prior to use to ensure they meet the criteria that will allow all students regardless of their culture of linguistic differences to be successful in their learning endeavors.
In other words, the instruction must be thorough. To ensure that I am fulfilling my role as teacher, I must provide an opportunity for the students to respond to the lesson. According to the Richards and Bredfeldt, when a student discovers a relationship between himself and the lesson, the “pathway to personal response stands open.” By making the lessons individually applied, decentralized and student-centered, but teacher-oriente... ... middle of paper ... ...em to look at several elements that affect their student’s motivation and ask why and how this affects them in the first place. After that, I would tell him to arrange a lesson plan utilizing structural factors such as patterns and sequences, with a view to individual application and the group dynamics of the class. By doing so, the teacher can grow in his students a sense of shared motivation guided by these structural factors, so that each interrelated lesson are remembered.
Linking instruction and assessment is critical to effective learning. Educators should provide students with various options for learning that include: different ways to learning (style and time), di... ... middle of paper ... ...re provided with ample opportunities to demonstrate their abilities. MI theory is used as formal and informal assessment in the classroom to allow students to be grasp and understand concepts. The use of multiple types of assessments in the classroom yield richer and more qualitative information about a child's achievement. If the ultimate goal is student learning, then there is a place for both standardized testing and authentic assessment using the MI theory in today's classroom.
As a teacher in a classroom, I would do this by implementing active-learning strategies wherever possible, such as inquiry-based activities or real-world problem solving related to what the students know. In teaching students through this constructivist approach, with its emphasis on critical-thinking, I believe that students ' gain an essential skill for lifelong learning: 'adaptive expertise ', which is '[...] the ability to apply meaningfully-learned knowledge and skills flexibly and creatively in different situations. ' (Durmont et al. 2010, p. 84) Not only do they form the basis for lifelong learning, a constructivist-classroom that encourages critical-thinking naturally elicits greater social interactions through discussion and collaboration; an essential part of an education which produces active and
Giving students the end concept as a main focus, while putting all the pieces together, helps students engage in critical thinking aspects of learning. Showing how this impact their life, or how they can apply the information to their life will give the students a more accurate understanding of content. Perkins talked about visions of meaningful education cover three basic outlines: enlightenment, empowerment, and responsibility. I feel that this statement is a powerful statement that covers the basic thought process in lesson planning. How can I enlighten my students?
Giving rewards to learners increases their confidence and desire to learn to further keep them engaged and enthusiastic. My course focuses on the end outcome of gaining a qualification and this is achieved by an on-line examination with set topics to be covered in the lessons. This curriculum demonstrates a behaviourism theory of learning by a teacher centred delivery, whereby the teacher provides the stimuli for the learners to respond. I use this method with rewards to draw out as much output from learners so they can achieve their full potential to complete the set units in the course and to achieve the main objective of gaining the qualification for the course. Although, I use behaviourism I also use learners pa... ... middle of paper ... ...t be a deliberate or by chance and that they play an important part of my teaching and the learning for my learners.
When I was reading the “Reflective model” I found out the connection it has with the action research. As said by Wallace (2001) the process of reflection should be formalised, as it were, and the classroom teacher should also become a researcher. But, to go to this point, which requirements does it need? We know the act of researching properly requires a set of abilities, akcnowledges, time, resources, among others issues. What Wallace (2001) suggests is that teachers might be more interested in a type of research which is more under their own control and which might also be more relevant to the classroom, i.e.