Music Theory: A Nursing Intervention

Better Essays
The advancement of the nursing field depends on the continuation of research and the development of a theoretical knowledge base. Middle-range theories help improve nursing research and nursing practice by providing a testable hypothesis as a model for directing further research. “The Theory of Music, Mood and Movement (MMM) to Improve Health Outcomes” discusses the use of music as a method to increase activity levels, improve mood and enhance the overall health of the body. Studies using the MMM theory have been conducted to determine improvements in cardiovascular health, reducing depression, interventions in pain management, treatment of stroke victims and improving the overall care of cancer patients and older adults. The theory is a useful tool to further investigate potential benefits of music and health outcomes across all scopes of nursing practice.
The MMM theory was developed using international physical activity guidelines and the notion that music produces physiological and psychological changes within the body. According to the physical activity guidelines, in order to achieve health benefits it is recommended that adults participate in at least 30 minutes of moderate to intense physical activity per day, three to five times per week (Murrock & Higgins, 2009). Physical inactivity worldwide has led to an increase in chronic diseases. According to the World Health Organization, following these guidelines will improve symptoms of chronic disease such as hypertension, depression, anxiety, and obesity attributing to better overall health (Murrock & Higgins, 2009). It is therefore important to implement evidence-based strategies to encourage physical activity and improve care.
Throughout history music has been valued for i...

... middle of paper ...

...e health outcomes. J Adv Nurs, 65(10), 2249-2257. Retrieved from
Nilsson, U. (2011). Music: A Nursing Intervention. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 73, 73-74. 1016/j.ejcnurse.2010.06.004
Norman, R. (2012). Music therapy assessment of older adults in nursing homes. Music Therapy Perspectives, 30, 8-13. Retrieved from
Onieva-Zafra, M. D., Castro-Sanchez, A. M., Mataran-Penarrocha, G. A., & Moreno-Lorenzo, C. (2013, June). Effects of music as nursing intervention for people diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Pain Management Nursing, 14, e39-e46. Retrieved from
Zhang, J., Wang, P., Yao, J., Zhao, L., Davis, M. P., Walsh, D., & Yue, G. H. (2012, October 2). Music interventions for psychological and physical outcomes in cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Support Care Cancer, 20, 3043-3053.
Get Access