May 1999. http://www.civilization.ca/membrs/civiliz/maya/mmc01eng.html “Herodotus Reports on Mummification.” May 1999. http://pluto.clinch.edu/history/wciv1/civ1ref/mummy.html “Life in Ancient Egypt. Shabtis.” Ed. Craig Patch. Exc. from Reflections of Greatness: Ancient Egypt at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History.
The Mummy Case of Paankhenamun has great significant in that it provides us with very fundamental evidence from ancient history. It does not only exhibit a complex form of art, but it also demonstrates the religious practices of ancient Egyptians in association with their beliefs in life after death, as well as their great fascination with immortality. It not only teaches us about the great science of mummification, but it also provides us all with the incredible opportunity to learn about the life of an ancient person.
Sandison explains why mummification was so important in the Egyptian culture. He also describes that natron was a very important substance used to preserve the body, and provides different recent experiments to prove that. While, Amaros & Vozenin-Serra supply many scientific facts, found by different anthropologists and historians, which state how cedar sawdust is one of the main materials used to mummify a body in ancient Egypt. Works Cited Sandison, A.T. “The Use of Natron in Mummification in Ancient Egypt”. Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol.
Egyptians first attempt of artificial mummification was during the Archaic Period (3050-2663 BC). Early mummification techniques began in the Old Kingdom (2663- 2195). By the Middle Kingdom embalmers started placing masks over corpses, the most famous was the mask of King Tutankhamun. Not only did King Tutankhamun have the most famous mask, but also he had the most famous tomb. His coffin was found in 1923 in Thebes, Egypt.
The ancient Egyptian burial practices are fundamental to the beliefs of ancient Egyptians. There are many different forms of burial practices; however the main form of practice of ancient Egyptians was the mummification process as seen in source B. Through the use of source B along with other sources, the following response will analyse the ancient Egyptian burial practices. The most common ancient Egyptian burial practice is the mummification process as depicted in source B. Mummification is a ritual that embalmers performed when a pharaoh died. Source B is a photograph of the canoptic jars which are a main component of the mummification process.
But by the New Kingdom, the Egyptians perfected their mummification process, and had elaborate funerals for the deceased. Egyptian mummification is not used by the Egyptians frequently today, but the discoveries and texts were important in discovering how the Egyptians progress in science and technology.
Normally when we die, bacteria and other germs eat away at the soft tissues (such as skin and muscles) leaving only the bones behind. Since bacteria need water in order to grow, mummification usually happens if the body dries out quickly after death. The body may then be so well preserved that we can even tell how the dead person may have looked in life. Mummies are made naturally or by embalming, which is any process that people use to help preserve a dead body. Mummies can be dried out by extreme cold, by the sun, by smoke, or using chemicals such as natron.
Egypt: Land of the Pharaohs. Alexandria: Time-Life Books, 1992. El Mahdy, Christine. Mummies: Myth and Magic. New York: Thames and Hudson Inc., 1989.
15 April 2014. http://www.theglobal education project.org /egypt/studyguide/gpmath.php “Process of Embalming.” Ancient Egyptian Facts. January 2014. Ancient Egyptian Facts. 15 April 2014. http://www.ancientegyptianfacts.com/ancient-egyptian-process-of- embalming.html Shaw, Ian. The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt.