Introduction Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that majorly affects the brainand the spinal cord (A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia, 1). The disease affects the central nervous system and thus causes limitations of individuals to carry out various activities. In multiple sclerosis, the myelin sheath that covers nerve cell axon is destroyed causing inflammation (MediResource Inc., 1). Destructionof the membrane leads to slowed conveyance of signals from the spinal cord to the brain, which as a result leads to reduced response to different stimuli.
Even though multiple sclerosis is a mystery disease, scientists are working to determine the exact cause and treatment. Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that involves the different areas of the central nervous system, the brain, and spinal cord. It damages the myelin sheath, the material that surrounds and protects the
Alcoholism can kill in many different ways, and in general, people who drink regularly have a higher rate of deaths from injury, violence, and some cancers. The earlier a person begins drinking heavily, the greater their chance of developing serious illnesses later on. Any protection that occurs with moderate alcohol intake appears to be confined to adults over 60 who have risks for heart disease. Adults who drink moderately (about one drink a day) have a lower mortality rate than their non-drinking peers, their risk for untimely death increases with heavier drinking. Alcohol may not cause cancer, but it probably does increase the carcinogenic effects of other substances, such as cigarette smoke.
Studies have shown SLE to be more prevalent in women than men. It usually occurs in people from the ages of ten to fifty. It is also more common in people with African American and Asian descent. Even though scientists are still not sure what SLE is caused by, they have discovered many triggers. Viruses, fatigue, stress, genetics, sunlight, smoking, chemicals, hormone replacement, and oral contraceptives are the main triggers for SLE.
Multiple sclerosis Definition: Multiple Sclerosis is a demyelinating disease cause a widespread degeneration of the central nervous system (CNS) which gradually results in severe neurological deficits. The disease is characterized by remissions and relapse, erratic onset and duration is flare up acutely. Each relapse may involve different area in white matter in central nervous system (CNS) . Etiology: There is may involve in genetic and environmental factor, which may cause immunologically mediated inflammatory response with CNS . The immune response in mediating tissue damage, and the extent to which these change are the cause or consequence of myelin injury, remain too established.
Though, women live longer than men, they are getting more chronic illness and disability than men, especially depression. In terms of death, the leading cause for both men and women is cancer and heart disease; men are more likely to pass away from accidents and unintentional injuries because of risk taking and more physical
Conversely, as much as they are both autoimmune conditions, lupus attacks skin, joints, and the nervous system while multiple sclerosis deteriorates the protective sheaths around the nerve cells, which later on results to the damage of the nervous system and the brain. Works Cited Ferreira, S. D'Cruz, D. P. and Hughes, G. R. V. (2005). Multiple sclerosis, neuropsychiatric lupus and antiphospholipid syndrome: where do we stand? Rheumatology, 44 (4): 434-442. Rosner, J.
Tobacco smoke, Night work, Antiperspirants, Bras and Induced abortion. Breast cancer takes a lot of toll on women and men of all races and... ... middle of paper ... ...st has 3-4 fold risk of developing new cancer in the other breast this is different from a recurrence of first cancer. “Overall, white women are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer than African Americans women.” 5-10 percent of breast cancer is caused by inherited genetic mutations. “2-5 percent caused by inherited mutations in BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genes”. High doses of radiation, such as treating the disease, in women under 30 shows the higher increased risk for breast cancer.
Multiple sclerosis is known as the disease of the nervous system that affects brain and the spinal cord. Besides that, also defined as a chronic inflammatory, demyelinating diseases of central nervous system. The process occurs whereby the myelin sheath would be damaged and also the materials that surround and protects the nerve cells. Damage of the myelin causes disruption in the communication between brain, spinal cord and other areas of the body. Diagnosing of multiple sclerosis could be difficult, especially during early course as the symptoms often come and go or even disappearing for months.
Tay-Sachs disease is a genetic disorder, which destroys nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord (See picture B). It is a mutation to the Hex-A gene. The enzyme created by the Hex-A gene, beta-hexosaminidase A, breaks down fatty substances called GM2 ganglioside. Because the gene is mutated and can no longer break down the substance, it eventually builds up and becomes toxic to the body. This substance destroys neurons in the brain and spinal cord leading to various symptoms many dealing with the break down of muscles and nerves (ghr.nlm.nih.gov).