Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a serious disease where the immune system destroys the myelin surrounding the nerves. This becomes a problem for individuals since the myelin is critical for communication of the central nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves (Mayo Clinic Staff). While the cause of MS is still unknown, researchers believe that this disease is considered an immune mediated problem ("Who Gets MS? (Epidemiology)"). There is currently no cure for MS, but researchers and doctors try to focus on making the patient more comfortable by managing their symptoms, treating attacks, and reducing any further progression (Mayo Clinic Staff).
Symptoms of MS can vary by location and severity of the disease. Patients have attacks, which can last anywhere from a few days to a few moths. Usually fever, hot baths, sun exposure, and stress can trigger additional attacks and increase the pain the patients endures ("Multiple sclerosis"). Symptoms can occur in the muscles, bowel and bladder, eyes, limbs, and brain. Some other common symptoms of MS include: numbness or weakness in limbs, partial or complete loss of central vision, tingling or pain in body parts, tremors, slurred speech, fatigue, or dizziness (Mayo Clinic Staff).
Patients are usually diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 40, but there has been a recent increase in young children diagnosed with MS ("Who Gets MS? (Epidemiology)"). Women are also twice as likely to be diagnosed with MS over men (Mayo Clinic). Family history and genetics is also a factor for patients who might be diagnosed with MS. If your parents or siblings have MS you have a 5% chance of contracting the disease ("Who Gets MS? (Epidemiology)"). Genetics are not the only factor though. ...

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