However, what if there were treatments or perhaps a way to reduce the chance of someone acquiring this disorder? Many doctors have looked into strokes leading to aphasia and the results remain mixed and entirely unsure but there have been some experiments conducted to further this field of research. A stroke occurs when blood is not capable of reaching certain areas of the brain. When brain cells do not receive the regular amount of blood, brain cells die off due to the lack of oxygen and nutrients that the bodies blood supplies. A transient ischemic attack occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted temporally and is then quickly restored.
As this area degenerates, it leads to scarring or hardening (sclerosis) in this particular region. As motor neurons degenerate, this obviously means they can no longer send impulses to the muscle fibers that otherwise normally result in muscle movement. Early symptoms of ALS often include increasing muscle weakness, especially involving the arms and legs, speech, swallowing or breathing. When muscles no longer receive the messages from the motor neurons that they require to function, the muscles begin to atrophy (become smaller). Limbs begin to look thinner as muscle tissue atrophies (Choi, 1988).
Lateral identifies the areas in a person's spinal cord where portions of the nerve cells are located that signal and control the muscles movement. As this area degenerates it leads to sclerosis or hardening and scarring of the muscle. Detection and early signs of ALS: When muscle neurons degenerate they stop sending impulses to the muscle fibers, which would usually result in movement. Early signs of ALS often include increasing muscle weakness, especially involving the arms, legs, swallowing, breathing and eventually respiratory failure due to the selective degeneration of neurons responsible for voluntary movement. When a muscle stops receiving these impulses and remains unused the muscle begins to look thinner as tissue atrophies.
Prerenal ARF is caused by a complication of any condition, medication or disease that causes a rapid decrease of blood flow to the kidneys, which in turn causes a loss of kidney function. In prerenal ARF the kidneys are usually fully functional before the reduction of blood flow. Prerenal ARF can be caused by major cardiac or abdominal surgery, severe infection (sepsis), or injury; medicines that interfere with the blood supply to the kidneys, such as ACE inhibitors and NSAIDs; severe dehydration caused by excessive fluid loss; severe burns; pancreatitis and liver diseases that create fluid shifts in the abdomen (Hudson 2003). A timely correction of the underlying problem results in the kidneys returning to full normal funct... ... middle of paper ... ...PH. (2013).
Multiple Sclerosis Multiple Sclerosis, also known as “MS” is a chronic condition where the immune system begins to destroy the myelin sheath that covers the nerves in the body and affects the brain and spinal cord (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014). The myelin sheath is used for protection of the nerves in which these nerves aid to transport nerve impulses all over the body (Ruto, 2013). Once the body’s immune system attacks the myelin sheath, it begins to disintegrate which affects the conductivity of the nerve impulse and impedes the message transmission from the brain to the rest of the body (Ruto, 2013). In turn, the impulses are changed which results in problems in the muscle such as weakness, imbalance and spasms and the body could end up being paralyzed (Ruto, 2013). According to Ruto, “Multiple Sclerosis affects approximately 400,000 people in the United States, more than 50,000 people in Canada, and 2.5 people million worldwide” (2013).
It’s different from the mild forgetfulness normally observed in older people. Over the course of the disease, people with AD no longer recognize themselves or much about the world around them. Alzheimer’s is marked by abnormal clumps, called senile plaques, and irregular knots, called neurofibrillary tangles, of brain cells. The plaque is an accumulation of an abnormal protein, amyloid. One theory regarding the cause of Alzheimer’s disease suggests that this plaque forms because the processes that normally operate to clear away this protein have become defective.
Cystic fibrosis, also known as CF, affects over 30,000 children and adults world-wide. CF is a disease in the lungs and digestive system and is still incurable today. It is a disease that causes thick, abnormal mucus in the lungs, nasal polyps, fatigue, and can also damage organs in a person’s body. According to www.cff.org/aboutcf, over 70% of CF patients are diagnosed at two years of age. Cystic fibrosis is one of the most life-threatening diseases in the United States and is very common amongst chronic diseases.
Medical-surgical nursing: Patient-centered collaborative care. St. Louis, Missouri: Saunders Elsevier. Mann, J. (2006). Nutrition recommendations for the treatment and prevention of type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome: an evidence-based review.
Autoimmune hepatitis is life threatening form of liver inflammation, in which the body’s immune system attacks liver cells causing scarring otherwise known as cirrhosis, liver failure, and if not caught in time transplantation (Mayo Clinic Staff). “Scientists don’t know why the body attacks itself in this way, although heredity and prior infections may play a role” (American Liver Foundation).Type 1 of AIH is the most classic case. It can occur at any age and is often developed very fast. Type 2 is less common and is mainly found in young women (American Liver Foundation).Type 3 occurs in adults between the ages of thirty to fifty (Frey, Longe, and Ricker). Type 1 is often accompanied by other autoimmune disorders.