Britain is and always has been a mixed race society. Gradually over the years, millions of people all over the world arrive either through past invasion or come as an immigrant to escape their own country’s famine, persecution and seeking for better economic opportunities in the UK (Zafra, 2007). The history of immigration and invasion has produced today’s diverse community. However, for the past few years, there has been a dispute concerning whether multiculturalism has obstruct the goal of attaining a peaceful community and instead causing extremism in the UK. According to Michelle Wilkinson (2011), this is resulted by the notion that multiculturalism promotes segregation and different groups having different beliefs leading to heavy tension and radicalization. On the other hand, multiculturalism has also been praised for advancing equality and social recognition (Caroline Howarth & Eleni Andreouli, 2013). In the light of this controversial issue, both aspect of the pro and cons of Multiculturalism to the society will be covered in this essay, exploring as a whole whether the ideology of Multiculturalism in enforcing equality has worked in Britain or not.
Will Kymlicka, professor of philosophy at Queen’s University, asserts that multiculturalism is the rejection of the notion that there could be a “normal” citizen, referring to the “able-bodied, heterosexual white male” (327). Moreover, he defines multiculturalism’s function: that it “recognizes [previously excluded groups’] identities, and accommodates their differences”. He gives examples of previously excluded groups, such as non-white people, indigenous people, and gays (327, 349). I will define these people as minority groups. Since multiculturalism recognizes and accommodates differences by rejecting “exclusion, marginalization, silencing, or assimilation” it is clear that multiculturalism seeks to establish a regime of liberty and equality between all groups (327).
Multiculturalism is a term that we are all familiar with and when brought up, it is common to most people’s knowledge that it includes a diverse group of different cultures. The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (2013) defines multiculturalism as “the co-existence of diverse cultures, where cultures includes racial, religious, or cultural groups and is manifested in customary behaviours, cultural assumptions and values, patterns of thinking, and communicative styles.” Under this definition, the organization also includes the following groups as ‘underserved’ in a multicultural society:
The contemporary multicultural debate also includes arguments that if freed from political ideological canon, ‘there is no single 'form' or experience of multiculturalism- it is not an ‘ideal’ state, nor does any multicultural context necessarily have a clear end goal (Werbner 1997)’. Such position has given the leverage for understanding multiculturalism in different contexts, which in way, is taken up in contemporary urban
Multiculturalism is the ethnic and cultural diversity that exists within a certain area. Different countries display various forms of multiculturalism. The most common form of multiculturalism is whereby a citizen of a certain country is born overseas, or of the parents of the individual is born overseas. English speaking countries have a lot of multiculturalism in them. Just like the United Kingdom, Australia has adopted multiculturalism as a national identity. My essay explores how Australia appreciates and accepts many different ethnicities and cultures.
Tatum, Beverly Daniel. Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? and Other Conversations about Race. New York: Basic, 1997. Print.
Colleges and universities should emphasize the diverse culture we live in. This position can be validated through the passages written by Mike Rose's "Lives on the Boundary" and Adrienne Rich's "What Does a Woman Need to Know." The following two quotes exemplify Mr. Rose's and Ms. Rich's point of view illustrating this topic. A quote from Mike Rose affirms "We are in the middle of an extraordinary social experiment: the attempt to provide education for all members of a vast pluralistic democracy."(Rose, 117) In another quote Ms. Rich states, "For no woman is really an insider in the institutions fathered by masculine consciousness."(Rich, 69) Our society is made up of various cultural groups. Colleges and Universities are a microcosm of our society. Gender differences, racial, and ethnic backgrounds must not only be encouraged but emphasized.