It needed better public service, sewers system and farmers market. And in 1834 The City of Toronto elected its first city mayor. Mayor started taxation in return of better service and to grow the city. Even though the city was growing but the city went through major ups and downs. People were living the poverty line.
Due to strides made during the Industrial Revolution, Manchester led the world in the textile industry with the use of the mechanized cotton mill. This led to an influx of people migrating to Manchester seeking work. The booming industry caused by this rapid urbanization greatly benefitted the rest of Europe, but the citizens of Manchester suffered great morale and health declines. While a select few continued to highlight the great accomplishments of the city, the overwhelming majority of sources shows that Manchester was not a desirable home for workers during the Industrial
Seeing how slow and inefficient the engine was, Stephenson designed a steam engine that gets rid of heat loss, warming and cooling pistons. The innovation of steam locomotive had great impacts in the then European societies. First amongst them are urbanization and industrialization. This invention created jobs, pulling the great masses from the most remote regions of England to move to urban centers like London. Steam locomotive provided quicker transportation and jobs which significantly change the business outlook in England.
Urbanization was a significant consequence of the First Industrial Revolution because of the poor living conditions in the larger cities. No longer working and living on rural farms, the workers needed a place to live. The British town of Manchester had a huge population growth from 17,000 residents in 1750 to 70,000 in 1801("Social Impact," n.d.). Because of the population explosion, the abundant textile factories, and the proximity to the Atlantic port of Liverpool, “Manchester quickly became the textile capital of the world” ("Effects," n.d.). The living conditions of tenements set up for factory workers were horrendous.
564-565). This was the first and biggest example of city planning to fulfill industrial needs that existed in Western Europe. Paris' narrow alleys and apparently random placement of intersections were transformed into wide streets and curving turnabouts that freed up congestion and aided in public transportation for the scientists and workers of the time. Man was no longer dependent on the natural layout of cities; form was beginning to follow function. Suburbs, for example, were springing up around major cities.
2.0 Garden City Concept by Ebenezer Howard The idea's initiation began in Britain and Europe as a result of the Industrial revolution that took place in the late 19th century. Neighborhood concepts are created for social and communication purposes so travel distance becomes closer to other major facilities such as schools, kindergartens, and residential areas. Main traffic is not recommended across residential areas, while the population density of up to 50 people can make the area an effective center of excellence. Schools are also used as a center of attention for neighborhood planning. The approach to designing the city to provide a comfortable, and clean environment emerges to address the problems in the city.
The Global Environment When Industry Meets The Environment The culture of industry has totally changed the way we see the world around us; from the structure within our cities, to the degradation of the natural environment. The industrial revolution began in Britain in 1760 (Griffin). Many historians claim this happened because of a civil unrest in the country, which transformed into a movement (Landes). Civil unrest stemmed from the poor living condition and the poverty within the area. This also happened because new technologies emerged, creating a new push for a commercial way of life.
In 1832, the Reform Bill granted suffrage to many middle class men in Manchester. This shows the changes in England, and in Europe at the time. In this way, and in the development of industry, Manchester can serve as a general template for the development of industrial cities throughout the late eighteenth century to the early nineteenth century. The development of industry in Europe led to the industry and technology present in the human eye today. The only question is: What will come next?
The decades after the Civil War rapidly changed the face of the United States. The rapid industrialization of the nation changed us from generally agrarian to the top industrial power in the world. Business tycoons thrived during this time, forging great business empires with the use of trusts and pools. Farmers moved to the cities and into the factories, living off wages and changing the face of the workforce. This rapid industrialization created wide gaps in society, and the government, which had originally taken a hands off approach to business, was forced to step in.
The economic factors, social issues and a growing animosity between the two regions helped to induce the Civil War. The population of the North consisted of forward thinking individuals. They realized that a change had to be made from agriculture to industry if they were to prosper and for them to use free labor to accomplish prosperity would be to take a step backwards. This ushered in an small and early Industrial Revolution. Factories and mills that produced finished goods sprung up all over the Northern United States along major waterways.