Mount Etna in Italy

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1.0 Topic Definition

Volcanic Eruption, which means the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge of steam and volcanic material, is one of the catastrophes in human history. It can devastate enormous areas, as well as people. The eruption of the Vesuvius in AD 79 buried the cities of Herculaneum, Pompeii and Stabiae with ashes and mud. (Oracle think quest) The majority of ancient volcanoes, like Mt. Vesuvius in Italy and Mt. Tambora in Indonesia are all dormant volcanoes now. However, Mt. Etna, which have been erupting for millions of years, still remaining active now. (Sicily Life) From 4 May 2011 to 6 May, it erupted and emitted enormous lava - molten rock - and ashes - chemical composition and abrasive of the particles from a volcanic eruption - into the air. For the sake of it is one of the most active volcanoes in the world, acquire the basic information about volcano and Mt. Etna is essential.

2.0 History

The eruption history of Etna started since 1500 BC. (Mount Etna- Italy) Its eruption history experienced different eruption styles, including violent explosions and voluminous lava flows. (Jessica Ball) Flank eruptions of Mount Etna occur every six years on average resulting from dikes form the central conduit intersecting the surface. (Revise Mapping of Lava Flows on Mt. Etna, Sicily) One of the most violet eruptions was in 1852. Mt. Etna produce more than 2 billion cubic feet of lava and over three square miles have been covered. The longest eruption began in 1979 which lasted for 13 years. (Mount Etna Volcano)

The eruptions of Mount Etna undergo fluctuations in time. The fluctuations represent stages of cycle on a scale of decades and centuries. (Behncke, B., Neri, M., 2003) Since the eruption in 1865, with fo...

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... 25 August 2011]

Mount Etna volcano tour and Sicily tours [Online] Available at: http://www.mountetna.net/ [Accessed 25 August 2011]

Mt Etna Volcano – John Seach (2011) [Online] Available at: http://www.volcanolive.com/etna.html [Accessed 25 August 2011]

Mount Etna erupting on 11 January (2011) [Online] Available at: http://esamultimedia.esa.int/docs/EarthObservation/GMES_newsletter_n1_etna.pdf [Accessed 1 September 2011]

Zehner., C. (2011) Monitoring Volcanic Ash from Space [Online] Available at: http://earth.eo.esa.int/workshops/Volcano/files/STM_280_ash101124.pdf [Accessed 1 September 2011]

Volcanic Eruption (2011) [Online] Available at: http://library.thinkquest.org/17457/volcanoes/erupt.php [Accessed 9 September 2011]

Prediction of Danger (2011) Available at: http://library.thinkquest.org/17457/volcanoes/erupt.php [Accessed 9 September 2011]

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