Society has misinterpreted stereotypes so heavily that the mentally ill have been classified as careless and violent people. Schizophrenics have been looked down upon as delusional, bipolars thought to turn into criminals, alongside people with personality disorder who are treated as careless freaks. It is simple to go along with society’s opinions, along with their weak and extremely limited knowledge about this topic. Individuals have to understand that the story behind these human flaws is more than meets the eye. Not only are we failing to think outside the box, but we are lacking to even comprehend the label upon our own species.
An investigation in to the diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder will reveal a strong inconsistency in treatment stemming from lack of conclusive knowledge about the disorder. While many doctors suggest antidepressant use, while others will utilize lithium, and mood stabilizers, and in fact this range of treatments is in fact responsible for the lack of holistic understanding of the disorder as a chemo-physiological disease, but also as a separate entity from traditional, or what is often referred to as unipolar depression. According to the Americ... ... middle of paper ... ... 11-20 Nemeroff CB, Evans DL et. al. (2001).
The infamous Jeffrey Dahmer and Hannibal Lector have been looked at multiple times and no one can get an exact reason as for why they ever committed such insane crimes. Although one is a fictional character and the other is real the common characteristic they share is a psychopathic personality. Most doctors can agree that psychopathy is a mental illness opposed to a choice of character unlike other criminals. They all tend to agree on that specific issue, researchers and doctors are unaware of proper treatments or if psychopathy is treatable. Many doctors will describe psychopaths as manipulative, with callous emotions and lack of empathy for anybody (Kerns).
It is based on past experiences, but there is limited empirical evidence that supports this theory as it deals with the emotional side of psychology and lacks scientific rigour, partly because there are too many variables involved to enable it to be a controlled study. But that doesn’t mean to say that it is not true, it is just extremely difficult to confirm. This essay discusses whether the story of psychoanalysis, used to make sense of human behaviour, can ever be confirmed as a story of truth. Freud’s psychoanalytic theory showed how the mind can be seen as three parts, the ‘id’ (the primitive unconscious part of the personality that deals with pleasure), the ‘ego’ (dominates the conscious mind and carries out ‘secondary process thinking’) and the ‘superego’ (social conscience). He then went on to develop the theory of psychosexual development, in which the child goes through various stages, each characterised by different demands for sexual gratification and different ways of achieving that gratification.
The media generally portrays the prototypical serial killer through the lens of two extremes. They can either have an incapacitating mental illness or be brilliant, but severely troubled, geniuses. Yet, neither of these two stereotypes are accurate, as serial killers generally display signs of psychopathy, which is not considered a mental illness by the American Psychiatric Association. Despite the erroneousness of Hollywood’s movies and television shows, many psychologists and lawmakers are still considering the degree to which psychopaths can be considered responsible for their actions. In “Psychopathy and Culpability: How Responsible Is the Psychopath for Criminal Wrongdoing?” researchers Adam R. Fox, Trevor H. Kvaran, and Reid Griffith Fontaine attempt to draw conclusions from evidence on whether or not psychopaths meet the criteria for full criminal responsibility.
As a discrete figure, this could be perceived as showing some evidence to support the hypothesis, yet, 18% could not be considered statistically significant to render it conclusive. This figure became less significant in support of the hypothesis as the children who recalled these words also recalled words shown to the front. When subtracting the results from the controlled variable, the greatest margin was just two words, and this was found in just two children. Interestingly, although this may seem an insignificant amount, it correlated with the results from the research of Loiselle and Malloy, who concluded that the NL principle helped improve visual memory recall by 25%. To illustrate this similarity in results, the present researcher calculated that the difference of recognising 2 more words from the controlled variable to be 20%.
Delusional disorder is difficult for clinicians to diagnose because of term is not exact in it's meaning and leaves a lot of room for interpretation. The term paranoia is felt to be too readily used in cases where it is simply a disagreement on an issue, not a delusional thought or perception. The book uses the example of Hitler and the Nazi movement against Jews, a lot of people do not believe that it ever happened, but facts show otherwise and the thought is held sincerely by many people, regardless of the evidence. In everyday thought, people may experience paranoia, but to be psychotic and diagnosed as such, it must specified in categories meriting the term "delusional". These categories are as follows: Persecutory type, Jealous type, Erotomanic type, Somatic type, Grandiose type, and Mixed.
Although much evidence has been found to support causes of depression we are left questioning the exact cause, whether it be genetic, chemical and hormonal or if its a combination. As well the evidence we do get can be very unclear and leaves us asking more questions. The main goal of research must be to limit the amount of side effect paired with the drugs we are administering to patients. We need to ease the pain rather than add to it. Although someone suffering from depression can receive quality help they are reluctant to admit their issue, and will never receive the easy, proper treatment they need.
(1) The environment surrounding an individual also can trigger the onset of schizophrenia. It has been observed that family stress, trauma, and poor social interactions all have the tendency to promote schizophrenic behavior, though it does not necessarily cause it. Going along with this, it is also possible that prenatal conditions affect the development of schizophrenia... ... middle of paper ... ...he causes of schizophrenia. (3) After researching schizophrenia, it is apparent that there is no clear answer to the question of what causes the psychiatric disorder. Rather, there is much debate about the four hypotheses that seem to dominate the scientific community as of late.
Psychopathology is what goes wrong with the mind. It is distress related to mental processes and statistical deviations from the norm. Psychopathology is what clinicians treat and researchers research (quoted in Frances & Widiger, 2012). Psychopathology has many possible definitions because it does not exist in a vacuum—the context affects the definition. Common themes in possible definitions include distress, dysfunction, disability, and dyscontrol, but none of these quite capture the whole picture (Frances & Widiger, 2012).