Motivation Vs. Athletes

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Motivation vs. Athletes and non-athletes What is Motivation and how does it affect an individual? Motivation is the reason or reasons one has for acting or behaving in a particular way. There are two types of motivation that affect us, Extrinsic and Intrinsic. Extrinsic motivation is the type of motivation that motivates us to perform or engage in an activity to earn a reward or avoid a form of punishment. Examples of this would be working hard for a raise, because you want a better pay check or cleaning your room as a kid to avoid being in trouble from your parents. In both examples, the person is motivated to gain a reward or avoid punishment. However, intrinsic motivation is when a person performs an activity, because it is personally…show more content…
Participants in this study were 1395 students at an Ivy League university and 422 at a small liberal arts college. There was 5 data waves conducted throughout the academic year. Data wave 1 was at their first year, and Data wave 2-5 were collected at the end. Questionnaires were given to both groups of students at both colleges, both being identical. In the first wave of data collecting the questions being asked to the students were focused on the student’s expectations, whereas the next four waves, questions were focused on asking for students actual experiences. The study showed that athletes had lower academic credentials and self-assessments than non-athletes, however students that were athletes had higher academic performance and reported being more…show more content…
The study was made up of 219 seniors from a small northeastern liberal arts college and each senior was given a questionnaire at the end of their first semester of their senior year. The questionnaire asked participants about their academic extracurricular and social experiences at college. Out of the 219 responses only 73 were athletes, and 146 non athletes. The questionnaire measured participants; number of hours spent in five categories, grades, extracurricular activities, life satisfaction, and lastly stress and growth. This study showed that athletes made more time commitment to extracurricular activities than non-athletes, are more involved with campus life and experienced higher levels of satisfaction and
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