The task or project may be very simple or vastly complex and technically challenging. Where, a manager must find ways to motivate the people working on the task. In order to understand how to motivate the people, a manager must also understand the difference between the management and the leadership. An understanding of the motivation methods, including the traditional theories from the early to mid 21st century to more modern theories of motivation, is ... ... middle of paper ... ...erybody's need, thus making the job for the manager harder to comply with his entire employee. Motivation is an important function in organizations to motivate their employees for their ability to perform well, improving their skills, increasing productivity, job satisfaction and employee extension.
This essay will be looking at how best managers can ensure their employees are motivated at work, because this is important for an organization to achieve its goals. Before we start, we have to clarify the term: motivation. Motivation has to do with a set of independent/dependent variable relationships that explain the direction, amplitude, and persistence of an individual’s behaviour, holding constant the effects of aptitude, skill, and understanding of the task, and the constraints operating in the environment. To begin with traditional theory X, it assumes people are lazy, they do not like working and want to avoid it as soon as possible, plus, they have no ambition, and take no responsibility. The only reason they work is for rewards (simply in money).
It is often difficult for employees to devote themselves and engage fully in teamwork activities whenever their leaders favor some of their counterparts while showing bias against others. As the Two Factor Theory puts it, employee satisfaction and dissatisfaction have to be handled separately to ensure that the right measures are initiated whenever there are challenges that jeopardize the prospect of organizations attaining their goals. It is therefore the role of managers to make the environment of their workplaces ethical to attain the level of motivation needed to make employees perform effectively.
Hygiene factors are factors that are basic for the motivation to exist in an organization these includes salary, company policies, working environment and interpersonal relationships (Management Study Guide, 2013). In short, these are factors that conciliates workers,for them not to be dissatisfied (Management Study Guide, 2013). On the other hand, Motivation factors are factors that pleases or gratifies
Financial and Non-financial are two types of motivation that companies can use to motivate some employees with recognition or financial means. The world that we live in, companies are not looking to spend money on motivation, that is way we must show organizations how to make employees feel important without going bankrupt. Both types of motivation can be implemented in a strategic way to receive the best results. I will talk about how companies can use these motivational tools in the workplace. In this research it will show how all industries can change, impact and motivate employees for the company’s success.
I will be analyzing the article Managing Your Boss by John J. Gabarro and John P. Kotter. The authors define managing your boss as the process of consciously working with your superior to obtain the best possible results for you, your boss, and the company. It requires that you gain an understanding of the boss’s goals, problems, pressures, and work style. Managers should pay attention to the boss’s behaviour. Consciously working with your boss also requires that you truly understand your own needs, strengths, weaknesses and personal style.
It is key to understand the various tactics that managers and supervisors will use to motivate there working staff also why it’s important to initiate extrinsic and intrinsic motivation into the work place. “There is only one way…to get anybody to do anything. And that is by making the other person want to do it” Dale Carnegie. It is firstly important to understand what motivation is? It’s the force that makes us do things: this is a result of our individual needs being met so we have inspiration to achieve a task.
Manager is human being, and human makes mistakes. Organizational behavior is not an easy study, because there are few absolutes apply to this and this makes every manager to be very different and unique. If manager is willing to improve the effectiveness when he finds his weakness, he should talk to his co-worker and teammate! Perhaps the best way to fix it is to conduct a survey based on overall job satisfaction; The relationship between the manager and the lower level is the key to enhance employee well-being at work. In the three essential skills mentioned in chapter one, conceptual skills should be the one that manager should not be deficient.
Being a leader is not the same as managing an organization. Leader’s posses the interpersonal skills needed to influence others to achieve a goal willingly. Leading is a major part of a manager’s job. Leaders do not need to be a manager to lead people, but managers must know how to lead as well as manage. Each person in a company brings his or her own experiences, values, and beliefs to the company.
Hygiene and motivator factors must all be addressed by manager to motivate employees (Saiyadain 2009, 158). According to Maslow (1943), these needs are fulfilled in a hierarchical order and hence, the lowest unfulfilled need drives the motivation of a given individual. In the context of a workplace environment, the application of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs (1943) suggests that basic salary is intended to satisfy low-order needs (physiological and safety), whilst additional motivation factors (e.g. challenging work, positive work environment, recognition) are needed to satisfy higher-order needs (esteem and self-actualisation in particular). Building on the work of Maslow (1943), Nohria, Groysberg and Lee (2008) explored the drives that motivate employees in the contemporary business environment, revealing that the need to acquire, to bond, to comprehend and to defend represent key motivational mechanisms for employees nowadays.