Imagine yourself as a mortician, certified as an embalmer, retort operator, funeral director, and a funeral cosmetologist. You get a call late at night, there’s been a terrible accident and someone has died. You arrive at the hospital and are directed to a small room where the body of the deceased is being held. There’s blood all over the sheets as the doctor and coronary assistant zip up the body bag and inform you the body was badly mangled in a car accident, which is going to make reconstructing the deceased very difficult. Your assistant puts the body on the stretcher and loads it into the hearse while you talk to the wife of the deceased man. She tells you they plan to have a funeral so you give her your card and a reassuring word before leaving the hospital and driving back to the funeral home. Now your job begins, not only will you have to reconstruct this man’s disfigured body, but you must meet with the family, discuss funeral arrangements, and deal with the family’s emotional trauma that comes with losing a loved one. Although working in the funeral business can be emotionally draining, it’s a satisfying feeling to see mourning families able to say goodbye to their loved ones. Despite the fact that working so closely with the deceased can be chilling, Mortuary science can be a thrilling field to work in.
Mortuary science has several different certifications and understudies and can be dated back to 3100 B.C. http://www.preceden.com/timelines/45056-timeline---funeral-practices--3100-bc-1700-ad- Certified embalmers, funeral cosmetologists, directors, and in most funeral businesses, certified retort operators can be found within the business or local establishment. Embalming is a technique used to artific...
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...ial ceremony. The mortician grooms the deceased’ and tries to make the dead look as living as possible. (http://listverse.com/2007/11/08/the-5-stages-of-embalming/)
http://listverse.com/2007/11/08/the-5-stages-of-embalming/ http://www.gramerfuneralhome.com/client-forms/ http://www.thefreedictionary.com/obituary http://listverse.com/2007/11/08/the-5-stages-of-embalming/ http://h2g2.com/entry/A3388052 http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/mummies/story/main.html http://www.thefreedictionary.com/rigor+mortis http://health.howstuffworks.com/diseases-conditions/death-dying/rigor-mortis-cause.htm Chamberlain, Andrew, and Pearson Michael Parker. Earthly Remains: The History and Science of Preserved Human Bodies. New York: Oxford UP, 2001. Print. http://www.drkloss.com/tools.html http://www.preceden.com/timelines/45056-timeline---funeral-practices--3100-bc-1700-ad-
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Chamberlain,A., Pearson,M. (2001) 'Bog Bodies', in Chamberlain,A., Pearson,M. (ed.) Earthly Remains: the history and science of preserved human bodies. London: British Museum, pp. 44-82.
At burial grounds such as Combe-Grenal and Abri Moula, France, archeologists found cut marks on the bones on the deceased which suggest that the Homo sapiens might have practiced defleshing (Wikipedia). Defleshing, or excarnation, is a burial practice where one removes the flesh and organs of the dead;
‘For both past and present, cremation can be regarded as a strategy of commemoration that involves the rapid, but culturally and technologically-varied, transformation of the corpse by fire’ (Williams, 2011, 113). This is the definition Williams (2011) gave to the term cremation, a concept which can be confusing, as most of the time the word is used in the meaning of ‘the remains of a cremation burial’ (McKinley, 2013, 149).
Ancient sources highlight the need for a proper burial and refer to the omission of burial rites as an insult to the dignity of humankind (Iliad, 23.71). Relatives of the deceased person, mainly women, conducted the elaborate burial rituals that were usually of three parts: the prothesis (laying out of the body), the ekphora (funerary procession), and the entombment of the body or cremation of the remains of the deceased. The body was first washed and anointed with oil, and then dressed for the funeral and laid out on a tall bed within the house. During the prothesis, relatives and friends came pay their respects. Lamentation of the dead is depicted in early Greek art, as early as the Geometric period, where vases were carefully painted with scenes showing the deceased person surrounded by mourners. After the prothesis, the deceased was brought in a ceremonial procession to the cemetery, the ekphora, which took place just before dawn. Very few objects
When one hears the word mummies the first thing that comes to mind are the Egyptian mummies inside expensive-looking detailed tombs. But 2,000 years before the Egyptians embraced this art, a South American Culture—the Chinchorro—had already started preserving its dead in a similar way. This Culture composed of fishermen, hunters and gatherers from southern Peru and northern Chile used a number of different mummification processes. But since there was no discrimination to choose who was mummified archaeologists have not yet found the reason why the Chinchorro chose to practice mummification. However, there is plenty of information on other aspects of the Chinchorro culture that makes it far more interesting than other cultures that practiced
The Egyptians kept a Book of the Dead. That is a book filled with collected writings of where the soul went protection charms and spells for the Funeral Ceremonies. They believed in the afterlife and in order for them to “survive” in the otherworld, they embalmed the bodies. The pharaohs were the ones that were usually embalmed. The whole process of embalming took a total of 70 days. First the brain is drawn out t...
Their are multiple steps of mummification though they are usually split into two parts, embalming and wrapping. The first step of embalming prosses is the wash the body with water from the Nile river. Next the brians are taken out of the head using a hook like tool through the nose. Then, the embalmer makes a cut on the left side of the body to remove the internal organs, except the heart. The organs are then washed and packaged in natron to dry them out. The body is then covered and stuffed with salt to dry it out. Once forty days have passed the body is then washed again from water from the Nile river, then for the skin to stay pliable and soft the body is covered in oils. In some cases the organs are returned to the body and other cases
Like anthropology that is the use of scientific study of humans, that involves their bones too (Latta Pg.7). To an anthologists the bones that are found are used to tell a story of the deceased person’s life (Pg.10). A (biological) anthropologist, with the right training, can tell the difference between of a human skeletal remains and an animal’s skeletal remains. They can even tell whether the skeleton remains are male or female (Pg.12). The bones provided information about the age of the skeleton remain with the deceased person (Mackay Pg.47, 48). The way that the age can be determined is by the size if the bone. Though it would not be easy for the anthologist to decipher the full story if the bone has been tampered with. There will be times when the anthologist can’t determine how the person died (Pg.44). There will also be times when the anthropologist had to dig up the remains from the place where it was estimated to be. A forensic Anthropologist cannot identify or analyze skeletal material that the person does not have. (Pg.41, 42). The next field is forensic pathology. Pathology is the examination the body in search of the cause of death. A pathologist must determine whether or not a body is dead or alive. Then they are to find out the time of death, also known as postmortem interval. The signs of death are divided into 2 phases Early and Late. The Early stage of death includes the coolness if the body. Which is
Humans are one of the last extrinsic factors to cause skeletal remains to be preserved poorly. Grave robbers looking for various goods can damage remains, in addition to leaving a burial site exposed (Littleton, et al., 2012:3363). Primary burials tend to leave the body whole and intact. Whereas when moved to a secondary grave, some of the body
Post-mortem photography was once a very popular American practice in the mid to late 19th century, and it was considered a healthy practice by families grieving for their loved ones. Such photographs were labeled memento mori, remembrance photographs, or memorial photographs rather than simply post-mortem photos. Since the invention of the daguerreotype process, “portrait photographers offered postmortem photos as a special service” (Hilliker 247). Often, only the upper half of the corpse would be photographed, but it was also common for full-body pictures to be taken where the corpse would be shown as seated or sleeping, sometimes with family members posed alongside them (Hilliker 247-250). The photographs were commonly “mounted on walls in parlors and bedrooms,” and were also kept i...
... learning about ancient medical practices in Egypt, therefore I have decided to continue research and expand my paper into a twenty page research paper for my final research paper at the end of the semester. In my next portion of my ten page paper I will explore the other topics stated in my thesis. My final paper will merely be a continuation of the topics that I have written about in this paper. I will explore and go into depth with the topics of human embalmment and its significance to the work of modern medicine today. I would also like to compare modern day embalmment for funerals with embalmment rituals used in Ancient Egypt. Another primary focus for the next installment of this paper will be a detailed argument of why it would be a wonderful and scientifically beneficial idea to fund and continue research of medical practices in Ancient Egypt.