Moral Theories Of Morality

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Morality has existed for a long time, all the laws and rules that we have now are based on morality. Morality refers to cultural values and codes, it tells us what is wrong and right. But before we decide what is right and wrong, we have to understand and know what is moral. Kant, Mill, and Nietzsche in their books, “Grounding for Metaphysics of Morals”, “Utilitarianism”, and On the Genealogy of Morality” are trying to find what does “moral” means, what is morality, and what is moral about morality. Kant, in his “Grounding for Metaphysics of Morals” talks about three types of philosophy, these are physics which is the study of the physical world, ethics which is the study of morals and logic which is the study of logical principles. Kant talks about couple principles of morality and they are: actions are moral if and only if they are undertaken without any ulterior motive. Second is that the…show more content…
Kant in his book tells us that the consequences do not matter, where Mill in his book tells us that consequences matter. According to the term of utilitarianism, the good moral decision is measured by the amount of happiness that an action creates. Mill tells us that morality is when you do everything possible in achieving an end that increases happiness, whereas Kant argues that morality is when the value has to come from human beings, simply because you are a human you worth. Kant talks about the categorical imperative, in which he explains that what is wrong and right does not depend on the outcome, but on fulfilling the duty and solving the problem. “Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of another, always at the same time as an end and never simply as a means” (Grounding for Metaphysics of Morals, Kant). In this quotation, Kant argues that if you do not want others to do it, you also shouldn’t do
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