In this paper we will focus on childhood moral reasoning and how it is developed. In particular how an individualistic culture and a more collectivistic culture may have different conceptions of morality. Is a person born with morals? If not where does a person’s morality come from? These are some of the questions to which researchers have sought to answer.
Do you know what moral development is? It focuses on the emergence, change and the understanding morality from infancy to adulthood and they learn to treat others right with respect. It’s essential to measure their belief which is the emotions, attitude and the behavior that contribute with the understanding. It has to do with both psychology and education. Moral development studies the role of peers and parents in facilitating moral development.
Due to their influence on young children`s lives it is their responsibility to make certain that young children will learn to make logical decisions that would contribute in a positive way in society. An ethical theory that would best describe people that influence young children would be Kantian`s ethics. His ethical theory elucidates that morality is when we act based on duty for duty`s sake not for self-interest. For this reason in order to respect the law, a sense of duty to one`s actions is necessary (Kant, 287). Based on this analysis, young children would need Kant`s outlook on morality in order to be sufficient in society.
In the field of moral development Turiel (1983), defines morality as principles and guidelines for instructing individual’s on how to respect one another as human being’s (Turiel 1983). Morality is also about individuals knowing the difference between right and wrong. Most individual’s learn the concept of morality and are taught to differentiate between right and wrong during early childhood. Families, communities, and religious organizations play an important role in shaping and influencing children’s morality. Children develop moral behavior by observing their peers.
Moral development “focuses on the emergence, change, and understanding of morality from infancy through adulthood. In the field of moral development, morality is defined as principles for how individuals ought to treat one another, with respect to justice, others ' welfare, and rights.” (Citation) Essential to the success of every society is moral development. Lawrence Kohlberg cultivated and advanced the framework of Piaget’s life’s work in the area of moral development. He theorized that we formulate ways of thinking through our experiences. Such experiences included but weren’t limited to an understanding of the moral concepts of human welfare, rights, equality and justice.
Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development This web page is about Lawrence Kohlberg and his Theory of Moral Development. It gives the definition of morality, a biography of Kohlberg, the levels of Kohlberg's theory, and the pro's and con's to his theory. Lawrence Kohlberg spent years researching how an individual develops their own moral codes. He studied the differences in children's reasoning about moral dilemmas. He also helped to clarify the general cognitive-development view of age-related changes.
The moral development of children can depend on many factors. Parenting and upbringing of the child, their environment, social environment, gender, and race are all aspects that can contribute to how a child develops their moral standards and expectations. Many psychologist have tried for several years to develop a theory to how morality is developed. One in particular is Lawrence Kohlberg (1958), his moral development theory is based on the cognitive development of children and it is thought that moral development proceeds and changes as cognitive development occurs (Arnett, 2012). Kohlberg’s moral development theory consist of 3 different levels each containing 2 stages altogether making 6 stages of moral development, as Kohlberg conducted
Is each generation passing down their moral teachings for what is considered morally “good” in only their eyes? Morals essentially shape an individual on how they will lead their lives that will in turn pass those beliefs down to younger generations. Berreby argues, with the impact of parents and societal influence, children are learning “good” morals and cultural teachings. The applications of these values are emphasized by the connection between “our” way of doing things and the opposing side -“them”. When people have opposing morals, there becomes a greater distance between what is considered morally “good” and
Lastly, it will be shown how "weighing and balancing" and "specification" are integral components in this model and were also practiced by Mill and Kant in their moral systems. Introduction This treatise is a contribution towards the understanding of why humankind cannot agree on the foundation of morality and why moral pluralism is the logical constitution of moral reality. The synergistic-reflective-equilibrium model is the model that will describe how persons can make moral decisions as pluralistic agents. If this model is correct, then it will not be a new discovery, rather, it will be a new description of how pluralistic agents do in fact make moral decisions. This synergistic-reflective-equilibrium description should then be useful not only in giving a fuller understanding of how moral decisions ought to be made, but also how moral philosophy can be united into a pluralistic collective whole.
Compare and contrast two theories of child development Moral development Moral development is the understanding of what 's right and what 's wrong . This is what is needed in life to make the right decisions in life the moral development is based on child 's experiences and environment . The theorist that I have chosen is Piaget and Kohlberg theory’s . Jean Piaget was the first psychologist to suggest a theory of moral development .He believed that there was three stages the children go through to make moral development. He indicates that moral development, similar to cognitive development, takes place through-out stages (Piaget, 1932).