Being ethical means doing what is right in terms of virtues, fairness, duties, responsibilities, obligations, and moral believes all which derived from cultures and family backgrounds. To be ethical also meant that one has to be reasonable. Although most people would relate the term ethics with feelings but feelings can be unstable making it hard to make rational decisions. No doubt that emotions are powerful, but they’re also temporary causing regrets if unwanted actions does take place. When one is angry, frustrated, jealous, or sad, it’s hard to separate what is right from wrong.
I will also, however, look to society to answer the more complex for morality to exist or not. This will be looking at the fact/opinion ratio between morality existing or morality not existing reasoning and why one is more powerful than the other. I personally believe that morality exists, but only because it was created by man as a sort of censor to protect the world from itself. Concluding that, Morality itself exist, but on an individual versus societal basis. Meaning that society has a set of morals that everyone should follow, but individuals sometime have a different set of morals that they personally go by and those set of morals only.
Psychological egoism claims that ‘each person is so constituted that he or she will look out only for his or her own interests’ (Rachels 1993:62). The idea of complete altruism in us or in other people is said to be a myth. As Rachels puts it in his book, The Elements of Moral Philosophy, psychological egoism is based on human motivation; actions that are done intentionally. Others have claimed that it is a theory of human psychology. Thus it claims that when people respond to the needs of others, they are doing so because they are expecting something in return for themselves (ibid.).
Essentially, your morals come from your ancestors’ beliefs, hopes, and personal experience. Moral standards and ethics ultimately shape someone for who they will become in the future through the passing of ethical teachings from one generation to the next. Berreby addresses the division between people considered to be morally “good” and “bad”. People see the morally “good” individuals as “us” and the morally “bad” individuals as “them”. Ideally, this is correct, but there is more than that.
Morality means doing what is good and shunning what is bad. Doing good deeds to make people happy is morally worth it because it inspires other people to do good as well. Moral and ethical issues often referred to as the same. However, moral issues are more personal while some laws that apply to a community govern ethical issues. Any action that goes against the principles of that community is unethical.
However, moral issues are more personal while some laws that apply to a community govern ethical issues. Any action that goes against the principles of that community is unethical. This of course varies from generation to generation and from community to community. Therefore, by operating under the foundation of the good will and doing good deeds for others, I believe the code is moral because it considers the welfare of everyone, not just one individual. As time goes by, it is important to review the values one has in order to ensure that necessary changes are made when the needs of the community
Many basic morals are held with a punishment/law that dictates that we must follow it or suffer the consequences, because of this many people follow those rules so that they do not have to experience the inconvenience. Others are moral so that they can obtain rewards and serve their own needs. Some do so to obtain the respect and approval of their peers for “doing the right thing”. This helps preserve strong relationships with others as they see they can trust you to make the moral choice if something concerning them was placed into your hands. Vice-versa if they see that you do not maintain a moral standpoint then they may be less likely to trust you or aid you in the future.
At times you may need to break some of the traditional moral rules to achieve such an outcome. Kantianism is another theory which highlights the principles behind actions rather than an actions results. It states that it requires to be motivated by good principles that treats everyone with respect. If you’re motivated by good principles, you overcome your animal instinct and act ethically. Another ethical theory is the Contract theory, which suggest that ethics should be thought of as terms of agreements between people.
This means that they will may have different answers to the moral questions asked by our own society. What I am trying to say is that every society has a different way of analyzing and dealing with life's events, because of their cultural beliefs. This is claim is known as Cultural Relativism. Cultural Relativism is the correct view of ethics. 1.
Ethical principles are attitudes that one has based on one 's moral code or through the influence of a duty. Typically they include the standards that society or a certain position and practice has set that is considered admirable and appropriate. Many different fields in the work industry have their own personal set of morals and principles that they hold to a high esteem. Most codes of ethics are designed around honesty and the general well being of people. Even though most have a basic understanding of what 's considered right and wrong, where is the line really drawn?