While Hobbes believed that the Government was to rule on it’s own and owed no answers or consent by the people. Moreover Locke believed that the purpose of the government was to protect the property and freedom of its people, while Hobbes believed that the governments role was to tell them what to do. But arguably the biggest difference between the philosophies is the notion of government accountability. Hobbes believed that the government had free reign to do what they please with no backlash, while Locke believed that if the social contract was broken then the people of the community had the right to revolt and over throw the government. To further this point Locke unlike Hobbes believed that leaders should
The two differ significantlyin that Rousseau wanted a direct or absolute form of democracy controlled by the people, while Locke prefered an elected, representative democr... ... middle of paper ... ... for example, people who have radical beliefs, will be denied these beliefs and forced to supportthe viewpoint of the general will. Locke believed established, settled and known law should determine right and wrong which in and of itself should constrain people, and naturally result in obedience to the law . "The power of punishing he wholly gives up" (Locke 17) which means that the State now has ultimate control over the individual rights of everyone in society. Another limitation on the people is that for Locke (?? )the only people that actually counted were land owning men, and not woman or landless peasants, so this would leave a significant portion of the populace without a say in the government.
The first principle is necessary in order to hold the rulers of the republic accountable to the people so that they cannot oppress the people because they are dependent on the people. Calhoun also advises that the people should be educated so that they know their rights and the in... ... middle of paper ... ...ention of abuse and oppression will occur. Calhoun on the other hand rejects the system of checks and balances and instead relies on the people of the society and government to compromise with all of the interests in society so that it is fair to both the majority and minority and neither side if oppressed. In conclusion, while Calhoun and Madison hold similar ideas for the solution of oppression and the abuse of powers by government officials or the majority, Calhoun’s constitutional government provides the better system to protect society because it relies more on a system of compromise which better represents the interests of all people in society. Also, the government is directly affected by the people so that the people can determine who rules them, so it is less likely for one ruler to abuse their power since there power depends on the decisions of the people.
Montesquieu states “government should be set up so that no man need be afraid of another”. From this doctrine American Political Philosophers derived the separation of powers into the Executive, Judicial, and Legislative branches. Montesquieu’s presentation of the branches of government were adopted into American political documents upon their creation. The idea that there wasn’t one governing body, but three was unheard of. Most occupants of the new “America” came from England a country ruled by a King.
Just societies start from the people fighting for what they deserve. A society must work together to achieve their rights and liberties as a natural born person to a country. The governments in a society must listen to the people and be strong in order to provide for the citizens whether its providing the public good or not infringing on others. People must work together to be a society with equal and just treatment. From classical philosophers to contemporary philosophers ideas about government and just societies shift from person to person but all maintain the main idea of providing a strong government whether its just or not.
Hobbes explained, “…and the... ... middle of paper ... ...en are evil in their state of nature and that the public should not have control in the government system. This was a part of Hobbes’s social contract in which he makes the agreement that man must obey the laws and rules of the absolutist government. Although the theory worked for Hobbes during the time period he lived, Locke had a different approach in government in which society was more involved. Locke described man as a rational human being who pursued almost identical characteristics to an authority. Locke argued that a monarch was the best way to run a government, but he argued that the people had the right to express how they felt about their ruler as a whole.
Hobbes believes that the function of society is not just merely living, but to have a safe and comfortable life. He believes that by transferring all rights to a sovereign the threat of the state of nature will be diminished. A sovereign elected will be able to represent and protect everyone equally, they are not a ruler of the people but a representative. The Leviathan differs from a principalities and a republics by establishing the institution of the commonwealth through the social contract. To understand how the Leviathan differs from either a principalities or a republics, one must look at the principles of each to decipher how Hobbes bears resemblance to and disagrees with Machiavelli.
Locke’s belief in “consent” by the people creates a democratic structure of community. In this way, the community is merely created to protect the rights and the property of the people. His idealistic government would have the power controlled by those who are being ruled, the people. Locke explains that we must “make one body politic, wherein the majority have a right to act and conclude the rest” (Locke 101).The government is a reflection of the “majority” of the community, and will represent the wishes of the people. The power is held by those who are being ruled, and they have equal rights in deciding their political outcomes.
Simultaneously, all leaders were chosen by the people to make sure the freedom of the citizens instead of allowing anarchy caused by true freedom. Liberty differs from freedom which points out that there are boundaries, obligations, restrictions, and a need to interact with others. Therefore, it's the government that is chargeable for securing the blessings of liberty. In order to secure these blessings firm rules should be created and so to maintain this liberty, these boundaries should be enforced; each of that are the government's duties. The Amendments emphasize on the given subjects: Amendment I Congress might make no law regarding a stronghold of religion, or restricting the free practice thereof; or abbreviating the opportunity of discourse, or of the press; or the right of the individuals quietly to gather, and to appeal to the Government for a change of grievances.
From John Locke to Thomas Hobbes each Enlightenment thinker had a different perspective on how the world should work, but each one believed that humans should be given more and should be treated better. The Enlightenment Thinkers believed that in order to rule country, you had to get consent from the people. When a government is selected without the people’s input it is wrong. The whole point of the government for them to look over and keep watch their citizens. Before then, all the kings were “appointed” by God without question.