New theories of trade have tried to understand the impact of trade liberalisation on such markets. Is competition on some markets impaired as a result of market fundamentals and if it is, can these markets make the benefit of trade liberalisation? If countries can partly solve market failure by opening up to trade on paper, are these gains from trade effectively observed in the real life? In this article, we will first try to analyse the reasons for a certain lack of competition, th effeciency problems it leads to and how trade liberalisation can temperate these problem. Then we will see to what extent the remedies have been observed in the real economic life.
The open markets are filled with competitors trying to trade and sell their goods and services. Fair Trade laws are enacted to provide an equal opportunity in the marketplace for developing countries and small producers of goods. To protect their financial economies, .governments intervene by placing huge taxes and quotas on exports, to restricting producers who try to flood the markets with their products. This intervention also helps those producers who are facing unfair trading practices. Companies who provide cheaper made products, can cause a deficit for any country by flooding their economy with these exports.
When companies exercise monopoly power they act as if they were monopolies. Government regulation of big business/monopoly power arose because of the following accusations: monopolies raise prices, monopolies reduce output and living standards, monopolies are inefficient and wasteful, monopolies are intensive to consumer demand, monopolies engage in unfair competition, monopolies help bring on recessions and they threaten our political system. The current antitrust laws were written without respect to the foreign market. When these laws were created the foreign market was not as b... ... middle of paper ... ...ade, I would allow to remain illegal, but I would not describe monopoly power, or attempting to limit competition as a restraint of trade. I would allow the FTC to remain in action, but only to prevent unfair trade practices, which does not include limiting competition, and false or misleading advertising.
The economic liberalization of trade globalization can reduce resource wars and civil wars influenced by natural resources. Integration would generate state interdependence preventing the risk of conflict between trading states. Independent states in the past have shown to be unstable and have been the political and economic causes of war on a global scale. Economic globalization and economic integration produces a neoliberal market, interdependent states, and stable governments reducing the probability of conflict and war. Neoliberalism opens the global market for freedom of exchange limiting government intervention preventing the government from gaining capital from corrupt means, such high taxation rates on foreign goods so that the demand for domestic goods increase leading to economic growth.
Effects of industrial regulation to the market: The market reacts differently depending on the goal of the regulatory goals and objectives. If the aim was to protect the consumer by preventing the traders from hiking prices, then the traders might reiterate by reducing the level of production and thus creating a shortage. This usually happens if the producers and the traders were not necessarily making huge profits If the regulations were put in place after an agreement between the various players in the market, then it will be accepted. As a result products will be sold in a fair and reasonable price hence increasing their demand. Consequently the producers will produce more to satisfy the huge mar... ... middle of paper ... ...commissions includes: bureau of alcohol and tobacco, and fire arms which regulate abuse and misuse of the substances; equal employment commission which ensures the employment process is not biased; federal highway administration which ensures proper maintenance and good conduct on the highways; federal maritime commission which promotes safety in water travel; and federal election commission which promotes free and fair elections (Wikinvest).
This allows domestic governments to hold on to some authority over trade alongside policy-making space. Free-market trade going unchecked through hyper globalization would present a problem because people undermine the regulations that citizens are so used to being protected by. This would lead to a problem concerning legitimacy. One solution would be to impose a set of regulations among all countries, but that would be advantageous to some and disadvantageous to others, making it an unfair solution. Creating policy-making space provides governments with some ability to keep trade legitimate as globalization expands.
There are many arguments for and against globalization, some pros and cons include: • Pros of globalization: o Free trade reduces barriers o Promotes global economic growth: creates jobs, and the market becomes more competitive for companies, which lowers prices for consumers. o Information is being shared: technology and becoming culturally aware, companies outsource to each other. • Cons of globalization: o Makes the rich richer and the poor poorer o Large companies can exploit tax havens in other countries o Outsourcing of jobs/exploitation of labor: A major problem for developed countries is that jobs are being lost to lower cost countries. Companies outsource to other countries because it’s cheaper, but they usually ignore safety standards to produce
Tariff and Non-Tariff Barriers Tariff and non-tariff effect global financing operations by having an impact on whether countries will build and invest in companies in the home country. If an organization wants to build a company that imports raw material that has a tariff on it, it would make the product considerably more expensive to produce and export. Tariffs do benefit the government by increasing the revenue and also benefit home-based businesses by decreasing foreign competition. The tariff also helps protect jobs in the industry that has eliminated the foreign competition but a negative impact is felt because it causes the consumer to pay more for a product that is imported (Hill, 2004). If a country it prone to levy tariffs on items that an organization may need, it would increase the risk of doing business while located in that company.
“The tariff also helps protect jobs in the industry that has eliminated the foreign competition but a negative impact is felt because it causes the consumer to pay more for a product that is imported” (Hill, 2004). If a country it prone to levy tariffs on items that an organization may need, it would increase the risk of doing business while located in that company. By having a country manufacture or produce product that can be done for less elsewhere is not a wise utilization of resources and in turn harms global trade. Tariff is a tax applied to an import and is one of the oldest trade policies in effect. This tax is generally revenue for the host country’s government.
An example of how this could be achieved is by having two (or more) states focusing their resources and energies toward the goal of becoming the economic hegemon of the market. If the states focused more on their economic sphere of influence and becoming more profitable, this in turn might draw attention away from any sort of milita... ... middle of paper ... ...g (with loans) to these European and non-European nations they were once again able to get their economies going and get themselves back into the market. The World Bank and IMF are prime models of how economic integration can change how states do politics with one another and how in turn it could reduce conflicts while also, building a state back up to the point where it is able to function on its own with no financial help. Although economic globalization and economic integration cannot solve every conflict and dispute that occurs between states, it does however effectively reduce the amount conflict and war that could possibly occur by bringing states together in trade relationships that create bonds of interdependency and trust through trade in the market. The market acts as an alternative means for conflicts to be solved and bonds to be built between nations.