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Mononucleosis Mononucleosis, also known as "Mono," is an illness caused by an infection with a virus. The virus, The Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is usually the cause of Mono. Other infectious viruses, like cytomegalovirus (CMV) can also produce illnesses like Mono. Most of the people who get Mono are adolescents and young adults. In developed nations, the majority of the people has been exposed to the Epstein- Barr virus by the age of 18. That means that many adults have had infections as children caused by the Mono virus (which were asymptomatic or mild). Once you get Mono, or the Epstein-Barr virus you are immune to re-infection. Some of the symptoms of Mono are a painful sore throat with tonsillar enlargement. Mono typically causes fever, headache, fatigue, and swollen glands in the neck. Sometimes, people with Mono experience loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or a measle-like rash. The rash is seen in more than 80% of patients who are infected with Mono, and are prescribed an antibiotic. Mono is diagnosed based on a patients symptoms and a physical exam. Since the symptoms of Mono are so similar to those of other illnesses, it is not easy to diagnose Mono at an early stage. Diagnoses are confirmed by blood tests. There is no "cure" for Mono. It takes a long time for to overcome Mono. Eventually your immune system will help you recuperate. When you have the symptoms of Mono, you can take aspirin or ibuprofen to help relieve the throat pain and fever. Getting rest and drinking at least two quarts of fluid a day are also important. One customary complication of Mono is dehydration. This may develop due to an inadequate amount of fluid intake. Some infrequent complications are blood disorders, neurological and psychological problems. However, once you get Mono, there is a very, very slim chance that you will get Mono again. One way of getting this disease are by kissing a person who carries the virus in the saliva. Other ways have not yet been proven. The virus accountable for Mono is contagious and is found in moist exhaled air, nasal and oral-secretions. However, there is no known prevention for Mono and isolation is not indicated. Children are incubated for about 4-14 days, and for adults 4-6 weeks. The initial symptoms of Mono clear up in about 7-10 days. Lymph node swelling and fatigue usually last 2-4 weeks. Some patients might take longer to recover. Some people might not even know they have Mono and are able to go

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