After years of being told various stories in your lifetime you’ll start to see a pattern. Stories will repeat or be similar to others, known as archetypes. Joseph Campbell is the creator of monomyth also known for his work in comparative mythology and comparative religion. The Hero’s Adventures by Campbell focuses on the monomyth or hero’s journey. In the hero’s journey, the hero needs to be an antagonistic to its ego then reconcile the problems through the psychological transformation. Campbell describes the monomyth as an idea of a cycle that consists of departure, initiation, and return. The cycle will lead to the death of one’s old self because one will go through the psychological transformation and leave their old life to become a “richer
... not a hero journey, lacking of foes and partners is an incomplete adventure. They provide the obstacles and support for the protagonist to complete the journey they are on. By having the hero journey cycle composed by Joseph Campbell, it demonstrates the complexity of how a hero's defined. It's about the growth of the character by separation from his comfort zone and venturing into the unknown. By successfully passing the stages, then one is called a hero.
First, what is the monomyth or the hero’s journey? Well The University of California at Berkeley defines the “Hero’s Journey” as “The tale every culture tells. The journey's path is described variously, but in general it includes the call to adventure, a supernatural aide or mentor, initiation by trials and adventures, victory, and return.” There are seventeen stages of the journey, and not all of them are used in every myth. Some myths may only use a handful and some my use ten of them, but they are used in some way or another and are repeated throughout different religions, which raises some questions in my mind which I will discuss later. For the sake of length I will be discussing the divisions of the stages rather than each individual stage itself. The divisions are separated as follows, Departure, Initiation, and Return.
a common journey that most heroes in most stories across the world endure. The hero's journey
Introduction – The Hero`s Journey “is a pattern of narrative identified by the American scholar Joseph Campbell that appears in drama, storytelling, myth, religious ritual, and psychological development. It describes the typical adventure of the archetype known as The Hero, the person who goes out and achieves great deeds on behalf of the group, tribe, or civilization.” (INTRODUCTION 1).
Joseph Campbell, a very well regarded mythologist and writer, believed that all adventure stories generally fallow the same story arch. The story starts off with the hero in his everyday life when out of nowhere, something calls the hero to his epic journey. He goes through a series of trials which he must overcome to reach the final battle. He wins and returns to his normal life as a changed man. This cycle is called “The Hero’s Journey”. Campbell talks about this idea in a few of his books including The Power of Myth and The Hero with a Thousand Faces. If you pay enough attention the next time you watch your favorite television show or movie or read your favorite novel, you should be able to notice this pattern. One example of a hero who plays out this journey is Katniss Everdeen from The Hunger Games.
The hero’s journey can be seen as a set of laws or challenges that every hero faces through their own journey(Christopher Vogler). The hero’s journey is used as a general term such as all
I went years without knowing that the hero 's journey is involved in most of my life. We read it in books, see it in movies and can even apply it in our own lives! Some examples of this journey would be a high school graduation, getting a indian name, or even Ariel 's journey to human land in The Little Mermaid. In these big events otherwise known as the hero 's journey we experience a,"process of separation, initiation,and return...each stage must be completed successfully if the initiate is to become a hero"(Harris and Thompson 50). This process has been around for years and will be around for years to come but have you noticed it? Mattie Ross a young girl from Arkansas goes on a hero
A Monomyth, also known as a Hero’s journey, describes the many common stages that a Hero goes through during their journey. Joseph Campbell is the man who first described the Monomyth (wiseGEEK, 2003). He explained all three stages, as well as the steps within each stage. Stage one, the departure, includes the call to adventure, the refusal of the call, the supernatural aid, crossing the first threshold, and the belly of the whale. The second stage involves the road of trials, meeting with the goddess, woman as the temptress/ temptation, atonement with the father, apostasies, the ultimate boom and the refusal to fight. Last but not least, the third stage, the return entails the magic flight, the rescue from without, crossing the return threshold, the master of two worlds, and freedom to live (Steibel, 2010). These steps of the Heroic journey are found in many stories from Greek Mythology as well as more modern stories of today. The stories of Theseus and Perseus are prime examples of Monomyths from Greek mythology that tell about their heroic journeys and the battles they go through in order to earn the title of a “Hero.” The story of Finding Nemo, a movie directed by Andrew Stanton and Lee Unkrich in 2003, is a prime example of a modern day Monomyth that shows the journey of a father searching the entire ocean to find his son.
During the course of this World Literature class, several stories have been covered that accurately describe Joseph Campbell's mono-myth, or basic pattern found in narratives from every corner of the world. The Hero's Journey in it's entirety has seventeen stages or steps, but if boiled down can be described in three; the departure, the initiation, and the return (Monomyth Cycle). Each stage has several steps, but the cycle describes the hero starting in his initial state, encountering something to change him, and this his return as a changed person. To further explain this concept, there are a few stories covered in this class that can be used.