According to Feud, human beings are born with unfocused sexual libidinal d... ... middle of paper ... ...osexuality in women results from the unconscious mind of a person. In addition, Freud belief that homosexual cannot be converted to heterosexual once it is developed. On the other hand, Jung presents his arguments basing on the idea that homosexuality is caused by the spirits. This is because it is believed that homosexuals have both male and female soul. These spirits are the ones that drive an individual to be attracted to a person of the same sex.
After it was proven not to be an illness many assumed that homosexuals were going through sexual orientation disturbance. Psychiatrists helped gays to accept themselves as being homosexuals. Another psychiatric theory was that homosexuals had a bad parent-son relationship when they were growing up. (IBID) The last theories are the Sociological theories. Sociological theories state that society affects a person's sexual preference.
This means that many of the same people who are even passionately in favor of homosexual rights oppose homosexuals on this one issue. This is because there is a lot of misunderstanding about what homosexuality really is, as well as the erroneous assumption that homosexual people enjoy the same civil rights protections as everyone else. For the reasons of ending social injustice, the economic and social benefits of allowing homosexuals to marry, and the constitution, homosexual marriages should be a legalized institution. Homosexuals are often treated unjustly socially. Homosexual people and couples are treated as inferior to that of heterosexuals.
Also, the ramifications of the legalization of gay marriage, both for gays and society, will be examined. Finally, I will refute arguments against same-sex marriage. Society benefits by having fewer "closet gays." "Closet gays" are homosexuals who try to abide by society's standards, and marry a partner of the opposite sex (Harbinger 683). However, due to the different sexual orientations of the two partners, problems often occur, causing emotional harm to"closet gays," their partners, and their children (Harbinger 683).
What is a 'man' and what is a 'woman', in her mind, makes no difference. Her goal is to, "...dismantle the (two-gender) system..." and do away with any bias people have toward those who do not fit into the gender system that... ... middle of paper ... ...were initially skeptical, until gradually, the weight of scientific fact has shifted the opinion to the belief in these views. As seen in the film, Paris is Burning, homosexuality is not much of a choice, but a way of life that not many would chose living unless biologically destined to be. We must trust that the very knowledge of the natural and biological springs of sexual abnormality will bring about the recognition that the syndrome is natural, and may change our perceptions of what is normal. After all, the problem, such as Bornstein stated, is with our intolerance that they do not conform with what we think is 'normal' gender identity and sexual behavior.
Since the first eukaryotes appeared, all living things have been reproducing primarily by a female and male union. Contrary to popular belief, there were other sexual relationships other than between opposite sexes. Homosexuality has baffled most of humanity as it seemingly goes against Mother Nature. While societies such as Ancient Greece viewed it as completely natural and it was a social custom, others viewed it with much resentment and considered it abnormal. Some want to treat this natural phenomenon as just another mental disease and cure it with therapy, while others think that if you engage in homosexual activities you will spend your after life in the fiery lakes of hell.
Opponents of homosexuality usually reject any biological explanation, saying homosexuality is a learned behavior and, regardless of why it was learned, is a freely chosen behavior that can and should be changed by therapy. Psychological explanations say that sexual development is influenced by circumstances in one’s life such as confused gender roles, fear of heterosexuality or positive or negative reinforcement of early sexual behavior (Cavendish 202). Until the 1970 Gay Liberation Movement, homosexuality was a taboo topic in American society (Templin 84). There had been a flourishing underground gay culture during the 1920s, but by the 1930s homosexuals were regarded as perverts and treated with hostility. Anti-homosexual attitudes intensified during the ... ... middle of paper ... ...ls found his body in a river over a bridge, he was thrown over the bridge.
Sigmund Freud, the person that set developmental stages that every person goes though and if they didn't they would have a fixation on the period that they did not go though. Freud believed that we all had a little homosexuality in us, that it was normal and that it should not be sense as a bad thing. Freud did say that person will have a hard life. When I read that Freud , in his own way thought that homosexuality was not a bad thing and he thought that we all had some homosexuality in us, I was surprised. I mean the guy who thought people would get a fixation if we did not go though a period of development would agree that homosexuality was not a bad thing was amazing to me.
Some researchers suggest it is a positive tool to facilitate heterosexual orientation in people with homoerotic tendencies, yet others contend that it is a damaging paradigm that should be illegalized worldwide. In a perfect world, laws wouldn’t be necessary, there wouldn’t be any pain or suffering and homosexuality wouldn’t exist. That’s not to say that if homosexuals disappeared the world would be a better place. Lots of pain and suffering have come from living an alternate lifestyle and many laws have been at the forefront of a lot of the pain; stemming from the notion that people somehow chose to be gay. Early examples of sexual orientation change efforts belong to Nazi Germany.
But there are loopholes in this research because Levay's subjects were all cadavers, therefore he could not dispute nor verify Kenneth Klivington's argument that, "the brain influences behavior, behavior shapes experience, experience affects the organization of the brain, and so forth." Klivington seemed to think that there are environmental factors to be considered when dealing with the causes of homosexuality. He believes that sexual orientation has certain affects on brain structure as he points out, "the brain's neural networks reconfigure themselves in responses to certain experiences." Psychologist Michael Bailey and psychiatrist Richard Pillard conducted a research involving the study of homosexuals among twins. The result of their research concludes that genetic factors take on a big part of a person's sexual orientation.