Genome sequencing not only suggests the most suitable course of treatment but the pr... ... middle of paper ... ... benefit both the medical world and the society in general. Whole genome sequencing is the basis for innovative advances to screening, diagnosis, risk expectation, and analytical programs in medical practice (Caulfield et al., 2013). Conclusion Overall, I believe that sequencing individual genomes should become a routine part of medical care because genome sequencing can benefit medical practice immensely. With whole genome sequencing, individualized medicine will come into effect and individuals will receive a better diagnosis and an effective treatment when required. Although there is still ambiguity regarding whether genome sequencing can enhance an individual’s health, the procedure has been able to identify unusual and common variants that give rise to future diseases.
Some of the more important areas of study include cancer, diabetes, liver disease, stroke and Alzheimer's disease. It is also used to help develop diagnostic tests, so that doctors can detect disease less invasively, during a routine office visit. The most promising area, however, is one of the newest: regenerative medicine. Doctors hope to use human tissue not just to treat disease, but to cure it by restoring the body to its original state of good health. One of the advantages of using human tissue is that it often replaces animal testing, which is more costly and less precise.
Current advances in genetics allow a greater understanding of diseases at the molecular level. Healthcare professionals will understand the genetic signatures of tumors and diagnostic tests for all chronic condition will become more accurate (Hamburg & Collins, 2010). The investigation of common diseases at the molecular level will allow scientists to establish different subtypes and create more therapeutic possibilities, so the public will benefit from greater chances of health recovery (Hamburg & Collins, 2010). Understanding disorders at the molecular level will allow healthcare professionals to identify and focus on the causes of disorders immediately rather than studying symptoms and relying on clinical judgment. A personalized appro... ... middle of paper ... ...stem based on the personalized medicine model, scientific research continues because the advantages of understanding both internal and external factors that contribute to disease development together allows the creation of more effective medical treatments than any healthcare professional can offer today.
Stem cells are an ongoing research project in which new discoveries are being made about them, and researchers are learning how to use them in new ways. The three current kinds of stem cells all prove to have their own challenges when it comes to using them. The important thing is finding out which stem cell is right for the patient and how much of an ethical concern there is when it comes to using the stem cell. As we learn the best way to use them and they become more popular in the medical field, stem cells will become a new weapon in the fight against certain diseases.
2. The term “genetic testing” covers an array of techniques and can be defined as the analysis of human DNA, RNA, genes and/or chromosomes or the analysis of human proteins or certain metabolites, with the primary purpose of detecting a heritable genotype, mutation, phenotype or karyotype . Genetic tests are used as a health tool to detect gene variants associated with specific disease or condition, as well as for non-clinical uses such as paternity testing and forensics. In clinical testing, genetic tests can be performed to determine the genetic cause of a disease, confirm a suspected diagnosis, predict future illness, detect when an individual might pass a genetic mutation to his or her children, and predict response to therapy. They are also performed to screen new born, foetuses or embryos used in in-vitro fertilisation for genetic defects.
TM provides feedback to pre-clinical scientists for further studies on an ad-hoc basis. During the final pre-approval stage TM provides insights into the target populations that may have a selectively better outcome and thus creating doors for personalized medicine. Hence the quest of finding new biomarkers is getting a lot of importance in order to stratify patient populations properly and provide a quantitative evidence of the benefits from the interventions. Modern translational medical researchers are even hoping to take the field to single patient level through stem cell technology in the coming
The Viability of Gene Therapy for Hemophilia Gene therapy is a vast field, and experimentation is being attempted for a broad range of diseases. Gene therapy for hemophilia is specifically more viable than gene therapy for other diseases, even though it has some fallbacks of its own. Researchers have found that specific viral vectors can be used in gene therapy for hemophilia. Over the years, scientists have created a large experimental base by usage of both animal and human models. They have also found that there are certain technical problems to be overcome, despite the advances that have been made.
According to Yourgenome.org, Gene therapy is basically when the DNA is introduced into a patient to treat a genetic disease. Precisely, the new DNA contains a functioning gene typically to correct effects of a disease-causing mutation. Typically, there are two types of gene therapy, but they are different depending on the kinds of cells treated. There is somatic gene therapy and germline gene therapy. Additionally, there are also some techniques used to carry out gene therapy.
Nanotechnology is able to distinguish cancerous cells from normal cells in Magnetic Resonance Imaging by using particles like iron oxide based nanoparticles, gadolinium based nanoparticles and gold nanoparticles (Mody, Pharm, 2011 pg... ... middle of paper ... ...involved in chemotherapy include toxicity to vital organs as the result of killing normal cells(Gunjal, Schneider, Abdelbaset, Kakar, Kucia and Ratajczak, 2015, pg. 1 ). The special skill provided with nanotechnology allows treatment to be safe. Nanotechnology is still emerging today and will continue to grow with time and research. Nanotechnology has proven to be the best method for treating pathologies like cancer.
Technology within medical practices has enhanced the field due to quicker diagnoses with new software programs, which has helped reduce the spread of rare diseases, as well as given patients and doctors quick access to records and generally has improved the care hospitals can give, as well as its efficiency. Technologic Communication and Its Benefits in Medicine Technology has helped create devices and group studies that stop the spread of diseases before it is wide spread and stores information to help doctors identify illnesses. The World Health Organization now has a large database of illnesses, their symptoms and their causes thanks to specific software programs now available to all medical