The movement was fueled by the First World War and led by that devastating war’s intellectual casualties, Gertrude Stein’s ‘the Lost Generation’ whose loss of faith in absolutes led them to search for new morals and ideals. Disillusionment, pessimism, and apathy towards society and the popular consensus colored the works of these artists, the literary leaders of whom were T.S. Eliot, James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, Ezra Pound, and Gertrude Stein. Literary modernism challenged the accepted norms of writing on almost every front. It trod away from traditional narrative structure, clean resolutions, and bourgeois morality that marked the preceding literature.
By 1917, his poetry had changed from blind patriotic disillusion and encouragement, to bitterness and anger. “Dulce et Decorum Est’, and “Disabled” were poems he wrote during his time in Craig Lockheart hospital, where he was suffering from shell shock. He had seen the tragedy and graphic brutality of trench warfare, and the trauma he had seen and experienced had sunk in. Both the poems focus on one main person or event. Wilfred Owen wrote these poems to highlight the reality of war, they were ‘protest poems’ to propaganda declaring fighting for soldiers as an honor.
World War Consequences in The Sun Also Rises The Modern Literary Period, which began in the 1900s and ended through the 1950s, was greatly influenced by the First World War and The Great Depression that followed it. These events influenced writers’ outlook on things, it filled them with feelings of disillusionment and emptiness which are ultimately reflected on their works. Modern Literature often uses elements that represent the problems of their society during those troubling times. In Modern Literature, authors tried to steer away from traditional ideas and styles, and mainly tried to focus on bold and experimental styles of writing. Literature in this period had a sense of disillusionment and loss of faith in the American Dream.
Eliot witnessed the social turmoil and transformation surrounding World War 1. The modernist movement heavily influenced his work, and his works became the greatest expression of the perspective of the modern mind. In his poem, The Waste Land, Eliot explains that the Fire Sermon corresponds in importance to the Sermon on the Mount. It combines contrasting religious references that create a sense of multiplicity, ambivalence, and... ... middle of paper ... ... and to lead, though it isn’t without the sense of the bleak side of war, especially with respect of nuclear weapon. Returning veterans and the women who had occupied jobs formerly held by men were among those who found post war America less hospitable that war time America.
The four speakers in this part, who are very much frustrated by out side circumstances (a change and crisis) like war, are in dire need of speaking their hearts out but find themselves surrounded by dead people. The poem uses a partial rhyme scheme. The inclusion of language other than English make... ... middle of paper ... ...through made her transform in a different way. Everything for her changes even after her discission to stay in Dublin. Modernism is a very different form of literature than those which were written before the First World War.
(Virginia Woolf, 280). The continuous change in life and the constant "shift in the scale" forced writers to take a new approach to literature, creating some of the most read work of the twentieth century. Modernist authors of the twentieth century reinvented literature. Instead of placing the main focus of storytelling on the story itself, they went one step further and based their novels on the concepts of truth, and the understanding of self. They explored the ideas of consciousness, alienation, and inner conflict within the mind, and asked important questions of the reader while testing the boundaries of the soul.
Despite initially being in favor of the War and the principles alluding to its outbreak, the monotonous suffering led Owen quickly to reconsider. Owen saw these young men who were able to employ such camaraderie, love and affection towards each other, completely obliterated. This was what he depicted in his poetry, the waste and the ruin of war. What Owen and all those on the Front Line witnessed, lived through and were subjected to could never be comprehended by those at home or future generations. Owen used his poetry to give voice to his disillusionment with the War and its cruelty on the human race.
Cross eventually concedes that Martha belongs to another world and would never love him (Obrien, 17). The two novels use love as a strong metaphor for the losses of war. Ninh often explicitly states that both Kien and every other solider would be forever warped due to the senseless cruelties witness in the long conflict. Kien’s deep love for Phuong is destroyed by the war, as is Lieutenant Cross’s love for Martha. This paralleled metaphor speaks for both sides of the war and the suffering endured by all involved.
Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen "Dulce et Decorum Est" was written by Wilfred Owen during the First World War . Owen explains the problems and difficulties the soldiers had to face each day. The poet describes vividly yet honestly, what trench warfare was like. The poem begins with Owen explaining the feelings of the soldiers whilst they march towards the enemy. The soldiers are scared and frightened due to the lack of hope as they do not know when the terrible war will end.
Even decades after the war, its physical effects were still not healed. The small roots of development that had been sown were rocked again by both the Great Depression and World War II. It could be said that these two events, although separated in time from each other, were promoted by the effects of the First World War. Another consequence the war had was its total demoralisation, which instigated a people to see no reason for their existence in a horrific life that could only be comparable to the darkest of nightmares. People now saw war not as the grandeur battles of ancient times that governments told they were to be.