2.1.1 Demographic changes are among the most direct influences on urban change and urbanisation. Movements of people into and out from cities, shape the size, configuration and social composition of cities. The conditions of the urban environment affected the demographic structure of cities by influencing the balance between rates of fertility and mortality. Improved living standards expectations draw millions of migrants into cities. The synonymous relationship between urban dwelling and quality of life.
What we can understand on the whole, is what sociologists mean by the term globalisation is that it is a profound, dynamic process which is affecting the world immensely. It seems from what I have examined so far about globalisation that there may come a time eventually, when a world government comes into existence, where international inequalities will always remain and where social conflict will always be active. This is because the policies that drive the globalisation process are largely focussed on the needs of business. Globalisation is a continuing process which needs to be managed wisely. It is a crucial development which has and always will cause significant social changes within society and the world as a whole.
One of the mainly electrifying essentials of contemporary period is the urbanisation of the globe. For sociological reasons a city is a comparatively great, crowded and lastingly community of diverse people. In metropolitan areas urban sociology is the sociological research of life, human interaction and their role in the development of society. Modern urban sociology creates from the work of sociologists such as Max Weber and Georg Simmel who put forward the economic, social and intellectual development of urbanisation and its consequences. The purpose of this essay is to explain what life is like in the ‘big metropolis’ both objectively and subjectively.
He focuses on the physical growth of the city and according to him the rapid urban expansion lead to the increase in diseases, crime, and disorder. Burgess also mention some important features of the growth of city like expansion (physical growth) metabolism (changing of social organization) and mobility (the changing of experiences and thoughts). The change of language is also seen as the cities are an object of analysis. Louis wirth an urban sociologist, shows how city is a sociological construct, it always mended and is constantly changing. In his article urbanism a way of life, he started off by explaining the three main features of the city are 1) large population size, 2) social heterogeneity 3) population density.
Furthermore, feminists' agree that until the late 1970's sociology has neglected to study women's issues and roles in society. Until recently men dominated sociology. The studies were conducted on men by men. The results were then generalised to the whole of society. Feminist felt this generalisation was inadequate in the representation of women.
At the end, the significance of Progressivism to America will also be highlighted. Progressivism expanded in American cities and confronted political mechanism full of monopolies and corrupt leaders. For the resolution of diversified problems existing at the local and state levels, progressivism focused on promoting idea of public ownership of government run by professional city bosses. Leaders of the movement strived to resolve the issues created by the wave of industrialization. At the time of movement the main problems confronted by the American society was the gigantic growth of cities and industries.
This refers to the stresses and injustices caused by capitalist regular modification of things in the city. These modifications make the residents to incur monetary expenses instead of improving their wellbeing. Lefebvre elaborates the right to the city as a superior type of right and freedom to individualization in the issue of socialization both to the citizens and to non-citizens in the city. This implies to the right to participation and appropriation of all citizens in the city. It is clear that the right to the city advocates for economic revolution that aims at value exchange, meaningful political
Global cities are strategic spatial nodes of the world economy with localized basing points for capital accumulation in an age of intensified globalization (Brenner, 1998). (Sassen, 2005), argues that centralization has taken a new form. The major contributor to this new form is reorganization of the financial industry and spatial dispersion of economic activities. This has led to an overall concentration in control and ownership. Dispersion of the economic activities has led to specialization of firms as well as expansion in central functions.
2-3). We can see city marketing as one of the results of the introduction of non-profit marketing, which allows the definition of marketing to be broadened, were it is thus related to an increasing demand from public sector for marketing concepts (Tross, 2006). On the other hand, city marketing management is the process of setting marketing goals for a city, planning and execution of activities to meet these goals, and measuring progress toward their achievement. In a certain degree, the aim of city marketing is to turn the city itself into a brand holding a certain value in peoples mind. The term brand itself is associated with trademarks or any other physical assets, such as products.
Order for Sociology Degree - Modernity Module Introduction In metropolitan areas urban sociology is the sociological research of life and human interaction and their role in the growth of society. Urban sociologists use statistical study, as well as immigration, financial side, scarcity, race relations and style. Modern urban sociology creates from the work of sociologists such as Max Weber and Georg Simmel who intentional and put forward the economic, social and intellectual development of urbanization and its consequences. Discussion Weber was a key supporter of practical, quarrelling the learning about social achievement, Weber's major intellectual relate to the procedure of rationalisation and “world-weariness” connected with the growth of modernity. A city is a moderately great, lastingly and crowded society of diverse individuals for sociological motives.