I am only going to talk about the north coast traditions. On the North coast there are five cultures that evolve into the dominant Mochica style, which was one of the most vigorous and prosperous cultures of Ancient Peru. The next earliest North Coast style, other than the Chavín, started with the Cupisnique people in the Chicama valley. Their ceramics “closely resembled those of highland Chavín. They were well made and polished, though somewhat thick walled and heavy.
Finally, Peru has possibly the most abundant amount of ancient specimens that have underwent trepanation, totaling to 17% of the population during the height of the Incan Empire. Within those who underwent trepanation, the survival rate was over 80% during the Early Inca and Late Horizon periods. The evidence of trepanation among ancient populations is a wonderful way for archaeologists and scientists to see that these people had great intelligence and understanding of the human anatomy. The fact that there are examples throughout the world and that so many specimens show evidence of survival after the trepanation is useful to the understanding of past people, which is ultimately what archaeologists are trying to do.
It is undoubtedly the most well-known accomplishment of the Inca empire. The breathtaking integration the Inca created with the buildings and the natural environment is pure perfection. Machu Picchu serves as evidence that there are most likely other archeological sites that have yet to be discovered and its discovery has helped scientists understand the Inca and learn more about them. Machu Picchu is a piece of history that people can continue to learn from and enjoy today.
The zampona was an instrument used by the Ancient Incans and other civilizations. This instrument is similar to the panpipe today but has a few differences in design. The time period of the zampona could be as long as 10,000 years ago. It was one of the most commonly used instruments by the Inca along with percussion. The zampona is an instrument that was resourcefully made and played an important role in ancient Incan culture and history by being used in many of their ceremonies, rituals, and entertainment activities.
His work for the Sistine chapel brought him fame. Some of his greatest work that has brought inspiration to lasting generations includes The School of Athens (1509), the Sistine Madonna (1512), Madonna del Granduce (1505). Titan (1488-1576) has also had work that has inspired ideas for people. “Titian was a leading artist of the Italian Renaissance who painted works for Pope Paul III, King Philip II of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.” (Titan Biography, 2016). Some of his greatest works include the Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari (1516), Assumption of the Virgin (1518), and the most famous The Worships of Venus (1519).
In every successful ancient civilization, there is always a driving force that cultures and educates their society. 4,000 years ago, the Mayans dominated the regions of South America in what is now known as Mexico, El Salvador, the Honduras, Belize, and Guatemala. The Mayans were consisted of several city-states that shared language, religion and traditions. They became wealthy by their domestication of agricultural, skilled potters, weavers, architects and painters; they were also one of the most highly developed civilization everywhere in the world when it came to their logical development especially Mathematics, medication, and astronomy. Their ways of life seem to be less aggressive and more imaginative than other large civilization of this time period.
Ultimately, the Mayan civilization was the most brilliant cultural stage not only in Mesoamerica, but throughout America, and his mysterious disappearance became an obsession for many investigators and people interested in the topic in the middle of the twentieth century. There have been many myths about the Mayans, but archaeological and historical research will allow us to know and admire who they were, how they developed their skills, and how they built their wonderful cities. In fact, as a Mexican immigrant in this country, I can also see the Mayan communities as the descendants of my culture and Mexicans feel proud of what they were, and the permanent mark that they will leave not only in Mexico’s history but the whole
These pyramids were temples, tombs and monuments have awed people for many centuries and for many more centuries to come. The Pyramids of Giza is the only one, which survive trough time till this day. For the construction of this pyramid. Herodotus says that '100,000 men worked for twenty years fed on a diet of onions' (Romer:82, 1982) are examples of great achievement, but the greatness extends to the actual mechanics of construction. Egypt have the biggest and the greatest collection of all monuments from the ancient world.
These comparisons can bring the ritual practices of a 500 year extant culture into modern day belief. Inga Clendinnen's Aztecs:An Interpretation is an outstanding book dealing with investigations into how the Mexica peoples may have veiwed the world in which they lived. From the daily life of a commoner to the explosively, awe inspiring lives of the priests and warriors. Clendinnen has used thoughtful insights and a fresh perspective that will have general readers and specialist readers alike engaged in a powerful and elegantly written interpretation that is hard to put down without reflection upon this lost culture. Bibliography: 1: Clendinnen,Inga.Aztecs:An Interpretation.