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Mobilization into World War I

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August 4, 1914 the German parliament decided to support the mobilization of war. With this decision they also declared a “civil peace” which meant that Germany would unite to defend their country, putting all their political differences aside. Many Germans were very happy with this decision, thinking that the war would be quick and victorious; however, as time passed by more growing resentful of the war and the German government. This can be seen through various opinions in the beginning, middle, and end of the war.

Towards the beginning of the war most people were enthusiastic about the “civil peace.” As seen in documents 1,2,3,4, and 6 people were excited about the unity that would be brought about by the war. Document 1 is a speech by a major political leader, Emperor Wilhelm II, he expresses total support of the “civil peace” and is encouraging all those in his audience to support it, as well. The audiences reaction can be seen in document 2. Everyone there is cheering and tipping their hats off to, what they believe is, a brilliant idea. Popular news papers of the time also encourage the full support of the “civil peace.” Documents 3 and 4 are both articles from newspapers that popularize the idea of a “civil peace,” believing that it will be both beneficial for the duration of the war and after the war. Document 6 takes a different stance on the issue than the previous documents. It not only states that a “civil peace” is important, but also that it is vital and without it the nation would be weak. It even goes as far as to say that other opinions are invalid and not allowed. Although document 5 was written ten years after the beginning of the war, it discusses the “true” opinions of the Berlin population. The article st...

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...e class. The lower middle class were being treated very poorly and were starving, while the upper class were living in affluence with full bellies. It is obvious that by the end of the war people were more than furious with the “civil peace” for the sake of the war. They would be quicker to unite to stop the war than to go along with the current “civil peace.”

Throughout the war there were various opinions on the war and “civil peace;” however, it is indisputable that as the war progressed more people began to appose the “civil peace.” In the beginning of the war most people were supportive of the “civil peace” mostly because of all the propaganda explaining how fabulous an idea it was. Despite the propaganda, by the middle of the war people were able to see for themselves that the disadvantages of the war outweighed the advantages and that the war needed to end.
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