...uch issues. Then, the discussion about giving an alternative way of conducting the research has applied with me a good chance to look at multiple facets of methodology and methods. Such practice could help new researchers to improve their skills and depth of thinking. Last but not the least, the examination of how theory research and practice interact within the context and potentially is indeed interesting and helpful. This is a training of systematically understanding researches thereby gaining some ideas of how a good research should be structured and kept consistent. With regards to the limitation of space, the discussions are surely not sufficient enough to get clear every points. For an example, the details of how to perform the suggested mixed-methods way of research. In future, efforts should be made by me to provide better theory-grounded profound arguments.
There are two types of research that can be conducted in research studies, these are qualitative and quantitative (Newman, 2011). Qualitative research is a process that uses detailed oriented methodology that tries to achieve a profound knowledge or understanding of specific incident and circumstance, wh...
Within scientific research there is always a strong debate between those that prefer quantitative methods and those who prefer qualitative ones. proponents of quantitative methods have built the standards in experimental research and in researches performed on a large number of subjects and which use sampling criteria and statistical analysis techniques. On the other side, the qualitative method uses procedures of qualitative nature both at the level of collecting the data as well as the level of analyzing them (Tagliapietra, Trifan, Raineri & Lis, 2009). The gathering data procedures include: interviews, group discussions, observations, journals; while the analysis procedures include coding, categorizations and systematic confrontation between the categories and their dimensions. Such research is often defined as an explorative one, opposite to “classical” scientific research aiming to confirm / disconfirm initial hypothesis. Among the qualitative methods used in the scientific research we can list: Focus Group, Speech Analysis, Conversation Analysis, Grounded Theory and Phenomenological Interpretative Analysis (Tagliapietra, Trifan, Raineri & Lis, 2009).
To fulfill accuracy in this research, the main strategy that is used is the mixed methods, which lies under the post-positivist philosophy. This strategy is mainly the result of the combination of the positivist and the anti-positivist philosophies. In their book Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research, Creswell and Plano Clark (2011, p. 5) state that the mixed methods technique “[…] involves philosophical assumptions that guide the direction of the collection and analysis of data and the mixture of qualitative and quantitative data in a single study or series of studies.”
The two research methods, qualitative and quantitative, are dissimilar and according to Brewer (1999) controversy between the research methods have been about for decades regarding which research design delivers a more thorough and objective data (p. 245). Nevertheless, according to the literature reviewed, mix methods appear to be an appropriate solution to this subject matter. Mix methods combine qualitative and quantitative approaches and according to Abusabha and Woelfel (2003), combining both research designs has its advantages:
The universality of human rights is a concept. This impression embraces that human rights belong to all human beings and are essential to each type of society. By this, “Each individual has the same basic human rights. Individuals may exercise miscellaneous rights, or exercise the same rights differently; on the environment of the society or group. An assorted group consists of certain races, ethnicity, religion, children or women. ” (Article 22 United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights) As time progress the content of human rights changes over time however, the concept of their universali...
Human rights entail both rights and obligations. States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights. The obligation to respect means that states must refrain from interfering with the enjoyment of human rights. The duty to protect requires states to protect individuals and groups against human rights abuses. This fulfillment means that states must take positive action to aid in the enjoyment of basic human rights. On the individual level, while we are entitled our human rights, we must also respect the human rights of others.
While on one hand there is a growing consensus that human rights are universal on the other exist critics who fiercely oppose the idea. Of the many questions posed by critics revolve around the world’s pluri-cultural and multipolarity nature and whether anything in such a situation can be really universal.
Social research is changing and opening its doors towards methodological strategies that are more open minded. These new strategies are becoming useful aides in scientific enhancement of knowledge. While research methodologies are evolving, there still exists hostility between research methods such as qualitative research, quantitative research, and mixed methods (Johnson & Christensen, 2008).
This paper aims to define mixed methods research and to answer the following question: if researchers are on the same team, yet have different philosophical approaches, can this be reconciled? In general, mixed research or mixed method was defined as “a synthesis that includes ideas from qualitative and quantitative research”(Johnson, Onwuegbuzie, & Turner, 2007). They also, mentioned other definitions for the mixed method such as Greene’s definition that is “Mixed method inquiry is an approach to investigating the social world that ideally involves more than one methodological tradition and thus more than one way of knowing, along with more than one kind of technique for gathering, analyzing, and representing human phenomena, all for the purpose
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Rights have been and continue to be violated across the world on both massive and miniscule scales. With rights violations being a constant issue, it is necessary, although it may be difficult, to determine which violations are human rights violations. Two aspects are crucial in this process: universality and paramountcy. Although practicability is also set forth as a criterion by Maurice Cranston, it is not as crucial when determining which acts violate human rights, or when they came into existence. This is due to the fact that when trying to distinguish between rights and human rights, almost all rights, not just specifically human rights, can, in some way, be practicable. For this reason, practicability, for the purpose of this essay, is
However, the universality of human rights has been questioned for years. As time changes, human rights not only represent the essential elements of living as human beings, but also involved with cultures, inevitably. The modern world has not just brought us closer together; it has also made us more aware of our differences. As Afshari said that human rights acquire particular meanings in different sociopolitical
For Qualitative research a researcher can use questions such as “what can be”, “what are the”, or comparative questions which seek to compare two or more groups on some outcome variable using such words as “differ” or “compares”. In Mixed methods the researcher will pose questions that combine or mix both qualitative and quantitative research questions in order to necessitate both types of data that is analyzed concurrently, sequentially, or iteratively (Onwuegbuzie, & Frels, 2015). Lastly with Qualitative research the researcher asks open ended questions. The questions will address ideas of what and how and comprise the main idea of what topic the researcher is looking for. For example “What do researcher look for when they are conducting research?’. “How does it make you feel to know the information you know”. Open ended questions that able the researcher to gain observations for
Stejskal, S.M. (2010) Quatiative and Qualitative Research Methods are not and should not be Mutually Exclusive, Grinn Verlag.