Minearls Found around the World

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Minerals are found in many areas of the world and some are more easily available than others. The Earth provides natural resources as necessary minerals that can be used for construction, decoration, gemstones, and many other important physical uses that improve the quality of life. There are minerals that can be found and mined in natural solid form in small or large quantities and some that are found in a mixed environment and must be refined. Much time and research has shown that some minerals may be hazardous and many minerals are crucial to a greater life on earth. Chalcopyrite, copper, and malachite are the three main minerals used to make copper. Copper is one of the most important natural resources and an important mineral that helps improve quality of life. Copper has many uses for example; heating, cooling, refrigeration, electrical wiring, electronics, power generation, power transmission, automotive production, door hardware, roofing, antimicrobial uses and many more. The top copper mining areas in the world are Chile, USA, Peru, China and Australia. (Copper Mining and Production Wastes). Chalcopyrite, CuFeS2, is an iron copper sulfide (ore of copper) with a tetragonal crystal system that has be found in Ontario, Canada, the Andes, South Australia (Broken Hill and American cordillera mining). It is found as brass yellow with metallic luster and greenish black streak. Hardness can range from 3.5 to 4 on the mineral moh’s scale. Mining of chalcopyrite requires digging for veins with the mineral. Heavy equipment is used to dig and drill holes around the vein of chalcopyrite. Chalcopyrite is then moved to a refinery to be crushed and smelted. The copper ore is heated in water and the copper sulfide mine... ... middle of paper ... ..., minerals are all around us and can be found in abundance or in small amounts. The Earth provides crucial minerals so that people on earth can survive and live a better quality of life. References Arem, Joel MD. “Malachite Jewelry and Gemstone Information”. 2014. International Gem society. April 1, 2014. www.gemsociety.org “Copper Mining and Production Wastes”. www.gpa.gov. August 30, 2012.U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. April 1, 2012 “Geoscience News and Information”. www.Geology.com. 2014. Geology.com. April 1, 2014 “The Mineral And Gemstone Kingdom Complete Guide to Rocks, Minerals, and Gemstones”. www.minerals.net. 2014. Hershel Friedman and Minerals.net. April 1, 2014. “Understanding Minerals and Mining through Education”. www.mineralseducationcoalition.org. 2013. Minerals Education Coalition. April1, 2014

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