Millennium Development Goals Essay

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Introduction to the Millennium Development Goals
In September 2000 at the beginning of the new millennium the biggest gathering of world leaders came together at the United Nations to create a broad framework to fight poverty in the form of eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs.) 172 nations committed to reach these goals in the next fifteen years. fifteen years later in 2015 the era of the MDGs is now ending, and all 193 member states of the United Nations have committed to 17 new Global Goals for Sustainable Development that will reshape global priorities for the next 15 years.

The specific Millennium Development Goal I choose to focus on is the MDG which aims to promote gender equality and empower women. The Indicators or subgoals
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If the world continues at the pace witnessed during the era of the MDG’s, it will take nearly 40 years to reach gender parity in parliaments. It is clear that women have an equal right to be heard and make decisions, they also have much to contribute, new perspectives to bring to parliamentary debate, and are an increased pool of talent that will raise a countries overall productivity. Yet unequal representation is the norm all over the globe. Inequality in gender representation not only persists within governments and political parties but also in global businesses, NGOs and social organisations. If this unequal representation continues it limits and in some cases stops women influencing the information and ideas that shape policies and laws. Globally, women hold less than 22% of seats in national parliaments. As of January 2015, only 10 women have served as heads of state and 15 as heads of government. This power imbalance effects all government and social systems in every country in the world. This means no country is using their full pool of talent and all countries are lacking the influence of one half of the…show more content…
I new there were major problems with women representation in leadership and decision making positions but I was shocked at the extent of the problem. Today women occupy 30 per cent of parliamentary seats in only 20 countries, with none of these countries is in Asia. I realised through my research that unless gender parity can be reached in governance, as well as other influential positions, the overall Millennium Development Goal of gender equality and women’s empowerment cannot be achieved. What I learnt was that the cost of women’s exclusion is much more than just women’s exclusion. Not having women in parliament creates ineffective governance. This leads to poverty, poor education and health of all sexes, domestic violence, social unrest, and institutionalised inequality. Empowering women and increasing our presence in leadership and government positions is the solution for struggling governments. This can disrupt cycles of poverty and disfunction and like we can see in Rwanda completely transform a government. On reflection despite the goal aimed at equity for women the MDGs were silent on many issues at the very heart of gender inequality including reproductive rights, and violence against women. Unless all these issues are addressed the overall goal of gender equity will never be achieved and one way we can insure these
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