Mikhail Gorbachev's Power And Power

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One of the major causes for the USSR’s collapse in 1991 pertaining to its influence and power some realists’ suggest would be Mikhail Gorbachev’s plans for reform to what some might call radical changes that were to be made about communist rule due to the “changes” that he had seen taking place in the “world of politics” since becoming leader (Koslowski, p.219). Prior to Gorbachev’s time as leader previous Soviet leaders had kept a tight control over Russian politics and Soviet influence within satellite states which we know of today as oppressive, however, it had worked for the Soviets in maintaining their control. Under the realists’ view power is an essential criterion for a state 's safety as having power can have a state both outlast and…show more content…
After becoming Russian leader Mikhail Gorbachev had plans to “reform” many aspects of communism in Russia as well as its satellite states that jeopardized the Soviet Union 's longevity (Kalashnikov, p.77). Gorbachev would be the first leader of many since Leonid Brezhnev that came before him to critically consider the economic hardships and issues that Russia and its satellite states were facing. It can also be stated that Gorbachev was “unwilling to use military force” to resolve issues as seen in later political conflicts that plagued Russia and its satellite states (Todd, p.198). The consequences that came from Gorbachev’s decisions whether he knew it at the time or not was that they would create more political turmoil for the Soviet Union due to him not using force to maintain his dominance in Russian politics, control satellite states, or display Soviet presence globally similar to previous leaders before him for the self-preservation of the Soviet Union. From the realists’ perspective a connection can be made between Gorbachev’s decisions to not use force over concerns of ethics and morale, and the dismantling of the Soviet Union leaving the USSR vulnerable in various national aspects such as economics, politics, and global influence, along with the global perception of the…show more content…
The liberal suggestions of Russia’s poor economic performance, use of military force over economic leverage, and isolation from the international community, along with overlooking state interests’ outside of Russia provide plausible reasons for the USSR’s collapse. Historically, since Joseph Stalin left office the Russian economy had been stagnant for a very long time to which Russia never fully attempted to resolve by focusing government attention to national needs. The satellite states under Soviet control for years had suffered great oppression under communist rule, powered by political corruption and fear, to which this cause and effect scenario never made them any better economically. The national and state interests of Soviet satellite states had greatly differed to that of the Soviet Unions to the point where almost all of separated from Russia by 1991. Furthermore, the collapse of the Soviet Union had been a turning point of the decade in 1991 and historically as it was one of the most important moments in history leading to the end of the Cold War easing global fears of nuclear
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