Migration Theory Essay

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An attempt has been made to explain causes of migration, migration decisions & economic factors with their effects by the well-established theory like the neoclassical theory, the new economic theory of migration and the network theory. 2.2.1 Neoclassical theory: The neoclassical theory is the oldest migration theory which works on both the micro level and macro level. It mainly deals with wages which motivated individual for immigration and the various levels of wages which creates an economic balance between two geographical areas (Harris et al. 1970: 129, Massey et al. 1993: 433). It also states that differences of wage levels help people to motivate them to move from one place to another due to demand and supply of labor in the specific…show more content…
In this circumstance, people do not take decision individually so their decision making is done by consultation with other members of the family. It generally happens as risk minimization measures. The household wants to extend their dependency not only on income but also the geographical base to reduce their economic and property losses. The risk of the total safety and wealth of the family can be reduced due to work of the household members. It can be easily covered by the other members if any of the household members would be laid off or unable to work due to sickness or die (Bloom et al. 1985: 175, Massey et al. 1993:…show more content…
Massey et al. (1993: 449) and Weeks (2008: 283) mentioned that migrants set up interpersonal ties which connect them to previous migrants and non-migrants in origin and principle areas through ties of association, companionship and shared a social origin. The international migration increases due to lower the costs and risks of transformation and increases the expected net returns to migration (Weeks 2008: 283). This theory deals with social networks of people and explains how people take their migration decision by consulting with other community people who already experience. After getting migration, they feel the interest to migrate there because it decreases their mental and monetary cost as well as increases social security (Castles et al., 1998: 26). Not only that social network also helps them to get access to the labor market easily and helps them easy to integrate into the host society. The social network is very important to create a hustle free migration to a new destination. Gradually it becomes a practice of way into adulthood for people of poor areas having diminutive to accomplish with economic supply and demand (Weeks, 2008:
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