Migration Analysis

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Chapter- 1 Introduction Migration has always been an element of human history and has at all times resulted in the establishment of multiple associations and identities. Even after the settlement of human beings as communities, they have continued to experience provisional, recurring or perpetual migration from their original territory. Migration is the process of dispersion as it deals with the movement or scattering of people from their land of origin to different parts of the globe. These movements or migrations can be forced or voluntary. Whereas, the former migrations take place because of the economic hardships,…show more content…
movement from one’s own country into another. Makarand Paranjape in the “Introduction” of his edited book In-Diaspora: Theories, Histories, Texts discusses about diasporic experience which entails crossing of borders. Although the borders could be of a region or a language but his emphasis is on crossing of the multiple borders which involve the loss of a homeland. The crossing of borders is significant from the point of view of cultural modifications that it involves, in addition to the changes that the dislocated self goes through from within and without. The diasporic consciousness of the migrant is the result of such a crossing or movement. As Makarand Paranjape puts it “there has to be a source country and a target country, source culture and a target culture, a source language and a target language, a source religion and a target religion, and so on” (6). Therefore, it is only through the feeling of diplacement, alienation and dislocation that the diasporic is engendered. Paranjape identifies the diaspora to fall in two categories which he calls settler and visitor diasporas. The former category includes those migrants who are a victim of forced migrations caused by slavery or indentured labour whereas the second category encompasses all those voluntary migrants who moved out for desire fulfillment or in search of fortune. Vijay Mishra believes that the account of migration is neither continuous nor flawless “as there is a radical break between the older diasporas of classical capitalism and the mid-to late twentieth-century diasporas of advanced capital to the metropolitan centres of the Empire, the New World and the former settler colonies. (“The Diasporic Imaginary”

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