The conditions on the boats were hellish. The slaves on the ships were packed like sardines and chained together. Among the gripping words that Olaudah Equiano, a slave abducted when he was just eleven years old, used to describe the Middle passage are hopeless, low, brutal, and wretched. The temperature in the disease- infested rooms was inconceivable. There was no fresh air for the Negro inhabitants.
As a result, modern capitalism and the industrialization of Europe developed. It created an Atlantic connection between Europeans, West Africans, and the colonial Americans. All in all, the trans-Atlantic slave trade was a cruel and inhumane period of time, where Africans were being taken against their will to perform hard labor. Trans-Atlantic slavery created a new global relationship, and reduced human interaction to a commercial relationship, debasing African individuals. Through the world of trans-Atlantic slave trade, the Americas, Europe and Africa were connected through the triangular trade, known as the relationship between masters, traders, and slaves.
This caused the triangular slave trade between these three continent Africa, Europe and the Americas. They worked on the plantations were considered as commodities as they were sometimes put on auction blocks for buyers. They were also branded to show where they belong and who their master is. The slave trade resulted in the decline and fall of the African kingdoms. Many homes fell apart due to the European contact with many African empires.
The slaves that were forced on the ships had no idea what was going to happen to them and the worst had yet to come. Secondly, the Africans were then tightly packed on the ship and sent to the Americas. The packing was done as efficiently as they could, leaving the slaves no room to move. The rooms were no more than five feet high with old, scratched up w... ... middle of paper ... ...ier.” In conclusion, millions of innocent people were grabbed and torn from their homes losing all their independence. Faced with such harsh conditions millions of them died and even felt the need to commit suicide.
Becoming a slave was terrible; someone was either born a slave or kidnapped. When slavery first started, white Europeans went into Africa and kidnapped African Americans. As the years went on this process became too difficult for the Europeans, so they established hundred of trading station along Africa’s West Coast. Local African rulers and black merchants delivered the captured people to the posts and them sell as slaves. Slaves were then transported to the Americas on a journey called the middle passage which lasted about six weeks.
Several wars resulted in massive enslavement, including the export of prisoners across the Atlantic, the ransoming of others, and the use of enslavement within Africa itself. The Kongo civil wars were responsible for the capture and enslavement of many. Africans were also kidnapped and sold to European merchants to sell in the new world. The families of many of the captured Africans were willing to pay for the return of their loved ones. Because slaves were in high demand around the world, merchants declined the money or would take them, but never return the
And as for "The Amistad", slaves had taken revenge and started killing their white masters from the La Amistad ship. They were whipped and they suffered a lot. And were all chained together, so no one can escape. They don't have much air going on the ship for there was a lot of slaves and there is no much air to breath for all of them, they were all on the low deck of the ship. The dreadful Middle Passage had caused all the slaves suffered to death.
Leading up to the trial of the Africans, Spielberg illustrates the horrors the slaves endured as they were captured and taken from their homes. It is very distressing to see the cruelty that was imposed on the slaves as they were captured. The slaves were shackled and chained, then packed in an unsanitary, overcrowded slave ship, and exposed to inhuman treatment, on the Portuguese slaver Tecora as it makes its way through the Middle Passage towards Cuba. Although a third of the slaves died aboard the Tecora before it reached it's destination, those that survived the trip were eventually auctioned into slavery in Havanna, Cuba.. The revolt on the slave ship Amistad resulted in the deaths of the captain and cook of the ship.
This confused matters even worse and made for a bigger separation between white and slave. Eventually however, emancipation of slavery finally occurred in 1834. The first display of piracy was by John Hawkins who made a 60% profit on the first slaves he sold. This eventually led to the promotion of slave trading and sugar plantations. By the 17th century, over 50% of slaves coming into the New World were being led to the Caribbean.
On the “middle” part, slaves were transported to America on an ocean trip. According to the accounts of Olaudah Equiano, a survivor from the journey, he wrote that the journey was terrifying and led to the death of millions of Africans. It was due to the barbaric conditions inside the ships, the dissemination of diseases and the brutal treatments, which caused some slaves to escape from such situations by committing suicide (“American Yawp”). According to Alexander Falconbridge, African slaves were treated disastrously; they were crowded together in a limited space, and lying in “a pool of excrement.” “Dysentery” was the biggest killer in this journey. Cruel means, such as whippings were used by the ship crews to