Microcosm And Allusion In Nathaniel Hawthorne's Short Tale: An Exceedingly Important In Literature

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Microcosm and allusion are both exceedingly important in writing even today, and Nathaniel Hawthorne was able to execute this greatly in many of his short stories. In this essay we will be focussing on two of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short stories, “Rappaccini’s Daughter” and “The Birth-Mark”, in which there are a multitude of examples of both microcosm and allusions. In “Rappaccini’s Daughter” the main microcosm is that Rappaccini’s garden represents the garden of Eden. Nathaniel Hawthorne presents this both literally and figuratively within the text. While Giovanni looks down from the terrace he wonders if “this garden was the Eden of the present world” (Rappaccini’s 2). When Giovanni first sees Rappaccini, he is confused because of Rappaccini’s demeanor near the plants, he acts as though the plants, if touched or inhaled, “ would wreak upon him some terrible fatality” ( Rappaccini 2). While the garden of Eden is the main representative in “Rappaccini’s Garden”, ignorance is the main microcosm in “The Birth-Mark.” Although Georgiana is hesitant to remove her mark, she sees the effect it is having on her husband, and she realizes it is what she has to do to save her husband…show more content…
Beatrice is often referred to as an Eve like figure because of her pure heart and soul; she is also considered and Eve-like figure because it was evident “her experience of like had been confined within the limits of that garden” as had Eve’s life before eating the fruit (Rappaccini 11). Giovanni is commonly referred to as the Adam of the situation because he is transfixed with Beatrice and is convinced to go into the garden, even though he knows he shouldn’t. Rappaccini is evidently the God in this because of his alterations to nature and his daughter while, his scientific rival, Baglioni, could be considered the serpent for his manipulation in Giovanni and Beatrice’s

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