Microbiology Importance

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What is microbiology, and why is it important?
Microbiology is the study of microorganisms. Microorganisms are too small to be seen by the naked eye. Microbiology utilizes microscopes and microscopy to observe the microorganisms.
In general, microbes have many forms and functions and are important because they have both beneficial and detrimental effects on essentially every aspect of our planet.
Beneficial
Microbes are utilized or manipulated to create numerous good that people around the world consume.
Within the food industry, the metabolic processes of microbes are used for brewing, pickling, baking, wine-making, and also to control the fermentation process used to create dairy products.
In industrial chemistry, they are used to produce
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Endospores
Endospores are highly differentiated cells (unique from other cells) that are resistant to heat, harsh chemicals, and radiation.They are in the dormant stage of the bacterial life cycle but can rapidly convert back and forth between a vegetative cell (activation, germination, outgrowth). Endospores are present only in some gram-positive bacteria such as bacillus and clostridium. Endospores are common in soil and can be easily dispersed by wind, water, or through the gut of an animal. Endospore-forming bacteria can cause many diseases such as botulism, tetanus, and other foodborne bacterial infections.
Endospores are structurally complex. They contain dipicolinic acid and are enriched with calcium (have a calcified structure).
The cytoplasm of endospores is dehydrated which increases the heat resistance of macromolecules and has multiple layers of proteins in the cell’s surface.
Endospores visible through light microscopy and are impermeable to most dyes, as a result they can be seen as the “unstained regions” within stained
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