Mexican-American Drug War

explanatory Essay
1117 words
1117 words

The Mexican drug-trafficking cartels are said to have been established in the 1980s by a man named Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo, also known as “The Godfather”. With the help of Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo and Rafael Caro Quintero, Miguel started the Guadalajara Cartel, which is one of the first to have thrived from association with the Colombian cocaine trade. The two men who helped Miguel Gallardo establish the cartel were arrested, so Gallardo, the single leader of the cartel “was smart enough to privatize the Mexican drug trade by having it run by lesser-known bosses” (The Five Most Famous Drug Cartels”), that he often met with in Acapulco. Eventually Miguel was arrested as well which caused the split of the Guadalajara Cartel into the Sinaloa Cartel and the Tijuana Cartel. The Sinaloa Cartel was led by Joaquin Guzman, a most-wanted Mexican drug trafficker worth a billion dollars. Under control of Joaquin, the Sinaloa Cartel became powerful and won the battle against the Juarez Cartel who was a former partner of the group. The battle, caused by want for more routes into the U.S. resulted in 12,000 deaths and led the group to employ gangs such as the Artist Assassins, Genre Nueva, and Los Mexicles to fight against the Juarez Cartel. The second half of the Guadalajara Cartel, the Tijuana Cartel was started in the 1990s and by the early 2000s became one of the “biggest and most violent criminal groups in Mexico,” as stated by the article, “The Five Most Famous Drug Cartels”. Led by the Arellano Felix brothers, the nephews of Miguel, and later their own nephew, Luis Fernando Sanchez Arellano, the Tijuana Cartel suffered through many deaths and arrests, which made the group smaller, yet still influential. Another cartel, the Juarez Cartel, founded in the late 1980s, controls all three trafficking entry points in El Paso, Texas, making it worth billions.... ... middle of paper ... ...All that we as individuals can do to somewhat change the course of the future of the cartels is to educate ourselves on drug abstinence and help stop the spread of the use of drugs. Works Cited Beith, Malcolm. The. “The Current State of Mexico’s Many Drug Cartels.” Insight Crimes. n.p. 25 Sep. 2013. The. Web. The Web. The Web. 16 Feb. 2014. Corcoran, Katherine. A. “Mexico’s Drug War Strategy Remains Unchanged With New Government”. Huffington Post. The Huffington Post, 18 Aug. 2013. Web. The Web. The Web. 16 Feb. 2014. De Cordoba, José & Lunhow, David. “The Perilous State of Mexico.” The Wall Street Journal. Dow

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the mexican drug-trafficking cartels were established in the 1980s by miguel angel felix gallardo, also known as "the godfather".
  • Explains that the sinaloa cartel was led by joaquin guzman who was a most-wanted mexican drug trafficker.
  • Explains that the tijuana cartel was one of the "biggest and most violent criminal groups in mexico," as stated by the article, "the five most famous drug cartels".
  • Explains that the juarez cartel, founded in the late 1980s, controls all three trafficking entry points in el paso, texas, making it worth billions.
  • Explains that the gulf cartel is based in tamaulipas and is one of the oldest mexican drug cartels.
  • Explains that the sinaloa cartel is the most powerful cartel of all, having people based in 17 of mexico's states and throughout the u.s.
  • Explains that the zetas are the most lethal cartel, arising in the 1990s and led by a group of former mexican special forces, with training in weapons and communication.
  • Explains the current state of the gulf cartel has weakened compared to when it was first established and it constantly fights with the zetas.
  • Explains that the tijuana cartel is now one of the cartels with the least power since the arellano felix brothers fell, but the sinaloa’s have started taking them over.
  • Compares la familia, the knights templar, and the jalisco cartel - new generation.
  • Explains that 6,000 people died in drug-related violence in mexico, the u.s.'s second biggest trading partner. the cartels operate in 230 cities and towns around mexico.
  • Opines that the government and forces can't completely stop the drug trafficking problem, but they continue to do what they can to cause any sort of lowering of violence.
  • Opines that mexico’s drug war strategy remains unchangeable with new government.

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