This social environment gave rise to the Nazi movement and many other parties that opposes the treaty and the Weimar Republic alike. Politically, instability and chaos plagued the Weimar Republic giving rise to many different political parties including the National Socialist German Workers’ Party. Thus, the rise of the Nazi party in Germany was due to economic hardship fostered by the Treaty of Versailles, a fractured political system, and social unrest during the interwar period. The “war to end all wars,” came to an end when the Treaty of Versailles was signed by Germany and the Allied Powers. It was a peace agreement between the countries of the Allied Powers and ended Germany’s in... ... middle of paper ... ...Republic was marked by failure.
This brought forward feelings of fear, anger and insecurity towards the Weimar Republic. Hitler built on these feelings and offered the secure and promising alternative of the extremist nazi party. Although there were many factors that contributed to the rise of Hitler and the collapse of the Weimar republic, Hitler’s ability to build upon people’s frustrated view of the hatred of the treaty of Versailles and the circumstances it placed upon the German nation, was the fundamental reason for Hitler’s rise to power and the Weimar Republic to collapse The Treaty of Versailles, signed by the Weimar Republic at the conclusion of WW1, introduced economic insatiability and caused a profusion of hardship. The idea of resorting to an extremist group promising better alternatives became an attractive option to many Germans. The Treaty of Versailles’ vindictive terms and unreasonable reparations (6,600,000,000 pounds) resulted in undesired economic circumstances.
5). This loss of grounding under Stalin’s rule is a main contributor toward the terrorization of Russia, for it explains the extent Stalin reached in order to attain power. Watching people run in fear intensified Stalin’s will to kill for power causing his citizens’ angst to escalate. “I am not convinced that [Stalin] will manage to use this power with care” (WW II: Behind Closed Doors, para. 3).
During the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Nation was plagued by The Red Scare: Soviet “invasion” via distribution of communist propaganda. These years were marked by a simmering panic and fear – and at a rolling boil with McCarthyism and a witch-hunt for communists. It is against this backdrop that Miller penned The Crucible. In an attempt to publicly decry the hysteria and proceedings, Miller invokes an infamous and reviled event widely considered to be a black mark on the nation’s history, in which the American credos of tolerance and justice were defiled. In The Crucible, Miller patently compares the communist witch hunt with the famously discredited Salem witch hunt, parodies the agitators of the Red Scare, and perhaps most provocatively, implies that the American people and government are complicit in its horrors.
Arthur Miller and his Distorted Historical Accuracies In 1953, Arthur Miller wrote his famous play The Crucible, in response to a fear of Communism that had developed in the United States during that decade. The "Red Scare", as it was later called by historians was led by Senator Joseph McCarthy, whose paranoia of a communist takeover spread through the nation like a wildfire. Men and women alike fell victim to McCarthy's pointed finger and as a result of this hysteria, were mostly deported from the country, their careers and lives ruined. Some argue today that McCarthy's plan had been to use the fear of the American people to throw his enemies out of office and gain power himself. Whatever McCarthy's motives may have been, Arthur Miller realized the senator's ludicracy when he attempted to accuse the President himself to be Communist.
The Indonesian killing began the night of September 30, 1965, general council lead an unsuccessful coup against President Sukarno in Jakarta. This lead President Sukarno to consider them as communist and demand that they be punish for their act of crime. Many reporters from around the world arrive in Indonesia to report on the mass killing for the world to know. However, the world turns their back to these people for the reason of “Communism”. Communism began back in World War II (1939-1945), from that period in time the world has feared the spread of communism and did everything in their power to prevent the concept from spreading.
When drawing parallels between the novel and an application of its politics in modern society, it is as though Orwell foresaw the development of numerous dictatorships and corrupt governments to come. The purging of undesirable elements by the governments of both Hitler’s Third Reich and Orwell’s Oceania were done in the pursuit of perfection and power, but both resulted in manipulative, controlling nightmares, which distorted humanity’s perception of reality. On January 30, 1933, Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany. His government, known as the Third Reich, quickly transformed into “a regime in which Germans enjoyed no guaranteed basic rights” (USHMM 1). Ultimately, his plan was to eliminate all pre-existing politics and make Germany a powerful, unified single-party state.
The following years after brought hardships that would strike the new Weimar Republic, creating a breading ground for extremists groups. These extremist groups came from both ends of the political spectrum, and were able to push their ideas based on the fears of the middle and upper class, and the strife of the down and out working class. The party that would benefit the most from the events occurring from 1871 to 1933 was the NSDAP lead by a charismatic Adolf Hitler. The Second Reich was run by the Kaiser and a weak bicameral parliament. Under the constitution the Kaiser controlled the military, dealt with foreign policy and had the ability to declare martial law.
Anti-communism influences the films produced, films portrayed communism as evil and immoral. The films during the cold war certainly portrayed the political storm between the progressive left and the conservative right. Films such as Ninotchka in 1939, showed anti-communism, guilty of Treason 1949, showed an attack against communism, exploiting the evils of communism was shown in Docudrama. The Red Menace in 1949 showed the immense threat f communism.
In the war, the nations create fear in the people of their country, they do this through propaganda and terrorizing the people for fear what the country would be if everything changed. Orwell created this allusion based off of the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. In the Cold War, both countries created fear in their people of what the other country might do creating fear of becoming like that country. They created this fear through propaganda and censoring photographs. Soviet Union censoring photographs is similar to Big Brother rewriting the past in its favor.