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Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)

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1438 words
1438 words
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Introduction of Paper Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a very serious infection that affects the health of the public. The purpose of this paper is to give the public/reader a better understanding of what MRSA really is. This paper will include the different disease characteristics that come with the infection. Also, it will explain the most recent disease statistics; identify a person’s risk of contracting the disease, methods used to control the spread of the disease, and explain implications for disaster. Disease Characteristics of MRSA The causative agent in MRSA would be Staphylococcus aureus. According to the NIH, “The bacteria have been classified into two categories based on where the infection is first acquired” (NIH, 2014). The two different types of MRSA are Hospital-Acquired and Community-Associated MRSA. Hospital-Acquired MRSA has been around for a long time, it usually affects people inside a healthcare facility. For example, people who have had surgery or have had medical devices surgically implanted in them have been known to acquire MRSA. It’s also typically seen in patients who are elderly, or with people with a weak immune system. Patients who have undergone kidney dialysis or using venous catheter or prosthetics have been known to acquire MRSA (NIH, 2014). Patients who acquire MRSA in the hospital have an increased mortality rate and decreased longevity (Rogers, 2013). Community-Associated MRSA has caused a huge concern for public health professionals because of who can get it. All CA-MRSA strains typically carry a novel type of methicillin resistance locus that appears to cause less of a fitness burden (Otto, 2013). Unlike hospitalized MRSA, which can usually be traced back to a speci... ... middle of paper ... ...es/mrsa/pages/default.aspx Heymann, D. (2008). Control of communicable diseases manuel. (19 ed.). Balitmore, MD: American Public Health Association Maurer, F., & Smith, C. (2013). Community/public health nursing practice. (5 ed.). St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier Inc Sharma, A., Rogers, C., Rimland, D., Stafford, C., Satola, S., Crispell, E., & Gaynes, R. (January 01, 2013). Post-discharge mortality in patients hospitalized with MRSA infection and/or colonization. Epidemiology and Infection, 141, 6, 1187-98. Mossong, J., Gelhausen, E., Decruyenaere, F., Devaux, A., Perrin, M., Even, J., & Heisbourg, E. (January 01, 2013). Prevalence, risk factors and molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization in residents of long-term care facilities in Luxembourg, 2010. Epidemiology and Infection, 141, 6, 1199-206.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus is a serious infection that affects the health of the public.
  • Explains that staphylococcus aureus is the causative agent in mrsa, which is classified into hospital-acquired and community-associated.
  • Explains that community-associated mrsa has caused a huge concern for public health professionals because of who can get it.
  • Explains the cdc's surveillance of a couple of states that had both ha- and ca-mrsa. they report that one in three people carry staph in their nose and don't have any illness.
  • Explains that people who come into direct contact with someone who has mrsa can potentially get the infection. it's more commonly seen in the elderly and immunocompromised.
  • Opines that good hygiene is the best defense against preventing mrsa.
  • Recommends cleaning and disinfection of schools in the event of mrsa infection. they recommend using detergent-based cleansers or environmental protection agency registered disinfectants for proper cleaning.
  • Explains that mrsa is a very important disease to learn and educate people on, because the health of the public can be in jeopardy if the disease is not eliminated.
  • Explains that heymann, d. (2008). control of communicable diseases manuel.
  • Opines that sharma, a., rogers, c, rimland, d, satola, s, crispell, e, & gaynes, r.
  • Explains the prevalence, risk factors, and molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus colonization in luxembourg residents.
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