Analysis of Keats' To Autumn John Keats' poem To Autumn is essentially an ode to Autumn and the change of seasons. He was apparently inspired by observing nature; his detailed description of natural occurrences has a pleasant appeal to the readers' senses. Keats also alludes to a certain unpleasantness connected to Autumn, and links it to a time of death. However, Keats' association between stages of Autumn and the process of dying does not take away from the "ode" effect of the poem. The three-stanza poem seems to create three distinct stages of Autumn: growth, harvest, and death.
Spender's views are a more personal account; he actually participates in the poem. In both pieces, the authors view winter as death; life stops in the season. In Summer and Winter and Winter and Summer, the authors alludes to the birth and death of nature. Summer and Winter by Mary Shelley notes the transitions of the seasons from summer to winter. The author uses rhyme scheme in the form of (aa)(bb)(c)(d)(ee)(ff), (gg)(hh)(ii)(jj).
They also offer a chance to identify revenant symbolism, different metaphors and study how Shakespeare applies such literary elements inside of his poetry itself . In “That Time of Year Thou Mayst in me Behold” and “Shall I compare Thee to a Summer’s Day” Shakespeare uses each imagery and metaphors regarding nature, typically symbols representing beauty, using these to elaborate the negative arguments of his sonnets, specifically the unavoidable process of age and maturity, the coming of change and their endings. Shakespeare's main goal is to set an example for beauty and strength within the spirits of the dearest, or in humanity, instead. “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day” is a literary work within which Shakespeare preserves and commends the wonder of the beloved, to whom the piece is aimed towards, by making comparisons between himself and the nature surrounding him, declaring him superior. The beloved is greater when compared to a summer’s day as he enjoys an “eternal summer” whereas “summer hath only too short a date”.
Both poems “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day” by William Shakespeare, and “If thou must love me” by Elizabeth Barrett Browning appear to share some things in common. Both share the same theme and tone of love. Shakespeare emphasizes more on “beauty” in his poem by comparing his admirer to that of “summer’s day” (1). He went further to indicate the level of love and beauty of his admirer by using this phrase, “thou art more lovely and more temperate” (2), showing that the person is more beautiful than the “summer’s day” because “summer’s day” might fade away. Both poems are sonnets (fourteen line poem), divided into three quatrains, with Shakespeare’s ending with a couplet.
Shakespeare’s “Sonnet 18” is simply a statement of praise about the beauty of the beloved girl; summer tends to unpleasant extremes of windiness and heat but the beloved woman is more lovely and temperate. Shakespeare deliberately chose nature to compare with love because nature is a lovely creation by God. Shakespeare uses a wide range of literary devices, such as personification, metaphysical conceits, anaphora, tone, imagery, and has recurring themes as well as motifs, to illustrate his darling’s comparison to a summer’s day. Some literary devices used are personification, metaphors, and similes. To begin with, Shakespeare sets up a contrast between the beloved and a summer’s day.
Thus we see he became inspired to write this song of praise to autumn. He shows that anything can inspire someone to write, not just the beauty of spring. Thus we see the imagery Keats employs move from the scenic and joyous picture portrayed in the first stanza, to the harvest time in the second and finally we are confronted with the melancholy images in the last stanza. One realises, Keats was inspired by many things to complete this ode. Thus, we see influences of the Pastoral period, Greek myth and nature.
Shelley’s stanzas are composed of four interlinking triplets, following the principle of terza rima, and one couplet. The stanzas have ABA BCB CDC DED EE rhyme-scheme. Both poems have alliteration to emphasize the quality of the season: “Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness” shows the kind nature of Keats’s autumn, while “O wild West Wind, thou breath of Autumns being” shows the powerful character of Shelley’s autumn. The first stanza of “To Autumn” describes the way in which autumn is able to support life. On the one hand, its about ripeness as things grow older as the year is approaches its end, and helped by the “maturing sun” (l. 2), autumn has to “fill all fruits with ripeness to t... ... middle of paper ... ...ally a form of hibernation.
Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 17.3 (1977): 419-28. JSTOR. Web. 15 May 2011. Sullivan, E. E. "Houyhnhnms and Yahoos: From Technique to Meaning."
Shakespeare expresses three major metaphors in this sonnet. The first is about age, the second about death, and of course, love follows. These three metaphors create an enjoyable poem. The first metahphor that Shakespeare uses is that of a tree in the fall. He compares himself to the tree by saying 'That time of year thou mayst in me behold when yellow leaves, or none, or few, do hang upon those boughs which shake against the cold".
Sonnet 73 appears to contain multiple parallels to death and the person speaking in the poem gives the impression that he is near death and reflecting back upon life. The first quatrain, “That time of the year thou mayst behold me/ When yellow leaves, or none, or few do hang/ Upon those boughs which shake against the cold/ Bare ruin choirs where late the sweet bird sang.” He seems to be comparing his life the unspecified season, which could either be autumn or winter. If a person were to look at only this quatrain, Shakespeare seems to describe autumn, with images of yellow leaves and a place where a bird sang. However, if the whole sonnet is looked at Shakespeare seems to describe the effects of winter. Shakespeare reinforces the confusion of season with the rearrangement of the natural sequence of events.