The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka Analysis of the story “The Metamorphosis”, by Franz Kafka was written back in the early 1900’s, but reflected a more modern way of thinking and lifestyle of today. Gregor felt that he was a slave to his job, isolated from his co-workers, and misunderstood by his family. Although that is the norm in today’s society, it was not the norm back then. In the story Gregor finds himself transformed into a cockroach and his internal struggles become a permanent reality.
The actions found in Kafka’s The Metamorphosis show more than a basic portrayal of existentialism or the blatant absurdity of the world depicted in the text. Kafka is able to expose the true motive of self centered beings through the acts of betrayal in The Metamorphosis. Throughout the story, Gregor is seemingly punished despite the actuality of him deserving a reward for his actions of helping his family.
“Life can either be accepted or changed. If it is not accepted it must be changed. If it cannot be changed it must be accepted.”- Winston Churchill. Change is frightening, but without change you can never accomplish a greater goal. Gregor experienced a dramatic change in his life. He may or may not have experienced the physical change described, but he did experience a mental change. The mental change opened Gregor’s eyes to what really mattered in life. Once Gregor accepted his physical change he was able to begin his mental change. Gregor’s values in life had changed dramatically from beginning to end. Though Gregor was subjected to ridicule, he was given the greatest gift. The opportunity to change is the greatest gift anyone can
Gregor Samsa awakes one morning to discover that he has been transformed into a repugnant vermin. One may never know what initiated this makeover, but the simple truth is that Gregor is now a bug, and everyone must learn to live and move on in this strenuous situation. In Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, the characters that interact with Gregor, including his mother, his father, and his sister Grete, must come to terms with his unfortunate metamorphosis, and each does so by reacting in a unique way. Gregor’s family members are constantly strained by this unusual event, and all three of them are pressed to their breaking point.
Bibliography: Brod, Max, Franz Kafka, 2d ed. (1960); Citati, Pietro, Kafka (1990); Flores, Angel, ed., The Kafka Debate (1977); Glatzer, N. N., The Loves of Franz Kafka (1985); Gray, Ronald, ed., Kafka: A Collection of Critical Essays (1962); Hayman, Ronald, Kafka (1982); Heller, Erich, Franz Kafka (1975); Karl, Frederick R., Franz Kafka: Representative Man (1992); Lawson, R. H., Franz Kafka (1987); Pawel, E., The Nightmare of Reason: A Life of Franz Kafka (1984); Politzer, Heiny, Franz Kafka: Parable and Paradox (1962); Sokel, Walter H., Franz Kafka (1966); Udoff, Alan, ed., Kafka and the Contemporary Critical Performance (1987
The Metamorphosis, The Judgement, In the Penal Colony, and many more are all written by the brilliant Franz Kafka. Like any other person we all have a story, and most authors incorporate a lot their lives and feelings into their book in different symbolic ways.
In the novella, The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka uses symbolic language to suggest a theme of dehumanization not only in the story, but in relation to the society he lived in. Even though it is a different time era now than when Kafka wrote the story, the relevance of the topic still prevails. Dehumanization in itself is the act of denying a human or a group of people a positive set of humanistic qualities (Haslam 1). Analyzing text that is present in this novella, it can be determined that because of Gregor’s physical and mental changes, he goes through a series of dehumanizing acts created by himself and others. Dehumanization is still relevant in today’s society, and because of that, many groups have taken a stand and used their voices to
Upon reading Franz Kafka’s story The Metamorphosis Part 1 I found myself reflecting my twenties. Kafka never states Gregor’s age, but his sister, Crete, is seventeen. Gregor’s life as a salesman takes a toll on him and it is only to keep his family afloat, he continues, despite his great dislike towards the office manager. I too worked a very demanding job with an intense travel schedule and a strong dislike for my boss; although, not having any financial obligations, I continued in this manner for many years. At twenty-nine, I woke up and had a metamorphosis of my own.
Since Benjamin and Brecht in 1934 in Swedish exile Kafka discussed, there is something as an unbridgeable divide between Kafka and Brecht: Here the Marxist that the undogmatic Marxist; here the parable as a Gordian knot that the egg of Columbus; here the solipsistic that the changeable “reality”; here the ontological that the capitalist (self-)alienation; here the autonomous that the engaged art.