Cadmium, zinc, copper, nickel, lead, mercury, and chromium are often detected in industrial wastewater, causing an obvious or potential threat to water quality, human health and biodiversity in the ecosystem(Huidong et al.,2008). There are also other sources can contaminated the water with heavy metals such as batteries, excessive soap foam from washing car, fertilizer from gardening, and other things that connect to our daily activity contribute to exposing water to heavy metals.Heavy metals in the aquatic medium may originate from wastewater of many industries, such as batteries, tanneries, electrical,electroplating, fertilizers, pesticides, mining, refining ores, etc. (Banerjee et al., 2012; Manzoor et al., 2013). Consuming water that contains heavy metals are hazardous to human health. It can pose a threat to human health and environment due to its hazardous effect.Heavy metals existence in water can damage many of human part even in low concentration.
Hundreds of chemicals are used during Marcellus Shale drilling; therefore, the process can cause contamination and pollution. According to Marc Levy and Mary Esch, because the Marcellus Shale drills go so far under the ground, the water there has a higher chance of being polluted. According to the article “Methane Gas and Its Removal from Wells in Pennsylvania” methane is a chemical that can contaminate drinking water because of drilling. Too much methane can be harmful to humans (Swistock and Rizzo). According to the article “Hydrofracking,” water sources also have an increased risk of being polluted when a drill is installed near them.
“Water pollution affects plants and organisms living in these bodies of water. In almost all cases the effect is damaging not only to individual species and populations, but also to the natural biological communities.” (Conserve-Energy-Future) Rivers, streams, canals, lakes, and oceans are receptacles for every imaginable kind of pollution. Even though water has the capacity to break down or dissolve many materials, especially organic compounds, pollution in our bodies of water are becoming a large problem. Pollutants such as metals, plastics, and some chlorinated hydrocarbons remain in the water and can make it poisonous for most forms of life. Even biodegradable pollutants can damage a water supply for long periods and the life forms within the water start to suffer damage due to pollution.
This is a big problem because the threat is so serious that the effects could potentially alter a human’s lifespan and possible end it short. Argument If the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing spill onto the surface as waste fluids, then it poses a threat on human beings. Chemicals are spilled onto the surface and become waste fluids as a result of hydraulic fracturing. Therefore, those waste fluids pose a threat on humans. My argument is deductive because I say it the waste fluids pose a threat on humans and I will have more specific information of how it really affects humans.
There are many different ways in which people can get sick from ocean pollution. “Some human diseases can be acquired by recreational contact with polluted waters (swimming and diving); some microbial diseases affecting humans may acquired by eating raw or improperly cooked seafood tak... ... middle of paper ... ... not contain the highest concentration of mercury, it is the fish we tend to eat most. This brings up greater health threats for the humans. Although water is an effective solvent, most toxic pollution that humans generate eventually ends up in the ocean. After entering the marine environment, many chemical materials distillate in the deposit and the ocean surface layer.
2.2.5 INTERNAL CORROSIONS Pipe wall is exposed to water and contaminants in the gas, such as O2, H2S, CO2, or chlorides can lead to corrosion on the internal wall of hydrocarbon process systems. The nature and extent of the corrosion destruction that may occur are functions of the concentration and particular combinations of these various corrosive elements within the pipe, as well as of the operating conditions of the pipeline. For example, corrosion damage may occur from effect of gas velocity and temperature in the pipeline play a significant role in determining if and where. In other words, a particular gas composition may cause corrosion under some operating conditions but not others (Kinston Technical Software, 2013) 220.127.116.11 Carbon dioxide corrosion (CO2) Carbon dioxide in the gas phase partially dissolves in produced water giving carbonic acid (H2CO3), which is corrosive to carbon steel. The cathodic reaction kinetics increases by dissociation to bicarbonate by the acid that forms from the reaction.
Most of our technological equipment contains rare metals or heavy metals which are highly toxic. These metal components will seep through the ground and contaminate the ground and river water. When human beings eats vegetables or fish contaminated by heavy and rare metals, it will affect their health and if taken continuously, may cause cancer. It is extremely important that we realize effects on technology towards our health and take precautionary
Along with drilling, explosions and toxic chemicals may be used. There are millions of gallons of water pumped into the crevices created by these methods to further help. This water becomes polluted by the oil and can seep into the groundwater. This may lead to the pollution of an entire town’s drinking water. The gas wells used may also explode from the pressure, which also would pollute the groundwater (Homme... ... middle of paper ... ...on is a helpful element but, emphasis should be on prevention, rather than just treating the problem.
Many of the aquatic organisms are very sensitive to the acidity of water, and as a result there will be effects at all levels of the marine food web (Balch & Utgoff, 2009). The carbonate shells of marine animals for example can dissolve in acidic waters. Also coral reefs will also be impacted negatively by increased acidity in addition to the effect that warmer waters are already having on them (McCarty, Wolfenbarger,
Nutrient pollution also can cause algae blooms which cause serious environmental problems affecting aquatic ecosystems, and which can cause dangerous health issues for animals and humans. Water pollution caused by sewage is an environmental problem. When sewage pollutes water it can be dangerous especially if it enters people 's source of drinking water as author Woodford states, "It is possible to catch illnesses such as hepatitis, typhoid, and cholera from river and sea water" (4). Chemical and radioactive runoff can be dangerous to humans as well. When water that is contaminated by chemicals is consumed by humans it can lead to sickness, paralysis or even death depending on the kind of chemical polluting the water and the concentration of the pollutant in the water.